Archibald Stirling (British Army officer)

Archibald Stirling
Born 1867
Died 18 February 1931
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Rank Brigadier-General
Battles/wars Second Boer War
World War I

Brigadier-General Archibald Stirling DL, of Keir and Cawdor (1867 – 18 February 1931) was an officer of the British Army who also served as a Member of Parliament.


He was born at Keir near Dunblane, the second son of Sir William Stirling-Maxwell of Keir and Pollok and his wife Lady Anna Maria, second daughter of the 10th Earl of Leven and Melville.[1][2] Sir John Stirling-Maxwell was his elder brother and Stirling was heir-presumptive to the baronetcy.[2]

Educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, Stirling joined the Scots Guards in 1889.[2] He was promoted from second lieutenant to lieutenant on 4 May 1892[3] and captain on 24 June 1899.[4] He served with the Egyptian Army from 1899 to 1900 (and was awarded the medal with clasp for Soudan) and in South Africa from 1900 to 1902 (for which he was awarded the South African medal with three clasps and the King's medal with two clasps).[1][2] He retired from the service on 17 June 1903, receiving a gratuity,[5] and became a captain in the Reserve of Officers.[1] On 23 January 1904 he joined the Imperial Yeomanry as a major in Lovat's Scouts,[6] transferring to the Territorial Force on 1 April 1908.[7] He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 18 August 1909[8] and was commanding officer of the 2nd Lovat Scouts.[1] On 11 October 1915 Stirling was appointed a brigade commander, with the temporary rank of brigadier-general:[9] he commanded the Highland Mounted Brigade at Gallipoli in 1915 and the 2nd Dismounted Brigade in Egypt in 1916.[2] He was transferred to the Territorial Force Reserve as a lieutenant-colonel on 19 September 1916.[10] On 21 February 1917 Stirling was elected as Unionist Member of Parliament for West Perthshire. He sat until the general election of 1918, when he unsuccessfully contested Kinross and Western Perthshire.[1]

For his service during the war, Stirling was mentioned in despatches twice, and was awarded the 1915 Star, the Great War Medal and the Victory Medal;[2] he was given the honorary rank of brigadier-general in the Army, dated from 19 September 1916.[11] On 30 September 1921 he relinquished his commission as lieutenant-colonel in the Territorial Army Reserve,[12] but was appointed colonel in the Regular Army Reserve of Officers on 1 March 1922.[13] Having reached the age limit, he relinquished his commission in the Army Reserve as well on 9 December 1922, retaining his rank and the right to wear the uniform.[14]

Stirling was married in 1910 to the Hon. Margaret Fraser, fourth daughter of the 13th Lord Lovat;[1][2] they had four sons and two daughters.[2] He was a member of the Guards' Club, the Carlton Club and the Turf Club.[1][2]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Michael Stenton and Stephen Lees eds, Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886–1918, Harvester Press, 1978, p. 339–340.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Who Was Who, 1929–1940, Adam and Charles Black, 1941, p. 1294–1295.
  3. The London Gazette: no. 26293. p. 3208. 31 May 1892.
  4. The London Gazette: no. 27097. p. 4279. 11 July 1899.
  5. The London Gazette: no. 27564. p. 3784. 16 June 1903.
  6. The London Gazette: no. 27638. p. 474. 22 January 1904.
  7. The London Gazette: no. 28180. p. 6943. 25 September 1908.
  8. The London Gazette: no. 28332. p. 620. 25 January 1910.
  9. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29468. p. 1566. 9 February 1916.
  10. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29754. p. 9112. 18 September 1916.
  11. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31023. p. 13714. 22 November 1918.
  12. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32573. p. 350. 10 January 1922.
  13. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32641. p. 2218. 16 March 1922.
  14. The London Gazette: no. 32775. p. 8719. 8 December 1922.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Marquess of Tullibardine
Member of Parliament for West Perthshire
Succeeded by
James Gardiner
(for Kinross and West Perthshire)
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