Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro

Archdiocese of Jaro
Archdiocesis Jarensis
Arkidiyosesis sang Jaro

Coat of Arms of the Archdiocese of Jaro
Country  Philippines
Territory Iloilo, Negros Occidental and Antique
Ecclesiastical province Iloilo
Area 5,303 km2 (2,047 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
2,460,470 (85.8%)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established May 27, 1865 (Diocese), June 29, 1951 (Archdiocese)
Cathedral Cathedral of St Elizabeth of Hungary, Jaro, Iloilo City
Patron saint St Elizabeth of Hungary
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Angel Lagdameo

Jurisdiction of the metropolitan see within the Philippines.
Website of the Archdiocese

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. The cathedral for the archdiocese, the Parish of Our Lady of Candles, also known as the Jaro Cathedral is in Jaro, one of six districts of Iloilo City, Iloilo on Panay Island in the Western Visayas.

The Archdiocese of Jaro is one of the oldest sees in the country. It was created a diocese by virtue of a papal bull of Pope Pius IX on May 27, 1865, according to a document signed by Archbishop Gregorio Martinez, then Archbishop of Manila, under whole ecclesiastical province the new diocese belonged as suffragan. The Archdiocese of Jaro covers the provinces of Iloilo and Guimaras, an island off Iloilo. San Jose de Antique on Panay, Bacolod, San Carlos and Kabankalan in Negros Occidental, are suffragans.

The Archdiocese has ninety-one parishes, eighty-five of which are under the direction of the diocesan clergy, and six under the direction of the priests from religious orders. Out of a population of 1,761,419, 89% are Catholic. In 2009, the report of the government shows that it has a total population of 2,333,141. The province is predominantly rural with 72.7 percent of the total population residing in rural areas and only 27.3 percent in urban area. Agriculture, forestry and fishing are the leading major industries.

Its titutar patron saint is St. Elizabeth of Hungary, whose feast is celebrated on November 17.


The diocese of Jaro whose Patron Saint is St. Elizabeth of Hungary was officially erected by virtue of the Papal bull "Qui Ab Initio" of Pope Pius IX. The bull was issued in Rome on May 27, 1865.

On October 10, 1867 the decree took effect and Jaro was made an Episcopal See, according to the document signed by Dr. D. Gregorio Meliton Martinez, then Archbishop of Manila and executor-delegate of the decree. It is worth noting that this "decretum executorium" was also signed by the Rev. Jose Burgos, Pro-Secretary, a secular priest who became one of the outstanding martyr-heroes of the country.

The front facade of Jaro Cathedral showing the stairs above the door leading to the statue of Our Lady of Candles.

Jaro was separated from the now Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cebu and became a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Manila. Its territories at creation comprised the Islands of Panay, (now composed of the provinces of Iloilo, Capiz, Aklan, and Antique), Negros (now provinces of Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental), Romblon, Palawan and Jolo, and the provinces of Cotabato, Zamboanga and Davao on Mindanao. Sr. Dr. Fr. Mariano Cuartero, OP, became its first bishop on April 25, 1868.

In the 20th century the diocese was further divided to form new ecclesiastical jurisdictions. Zamboanga was made a Diocese in 1910 while Palawan was made an Apostolic Prelature in the same year; then Bacolod in 1933, Capiz in 1951 and finally the Prelature of San Jose, Antique in 1962 as suffragans.

Concurrently with the elevation of Jaro to an Archdiocese, the first Filipino Bishop, the Most Rev. Jose Maria Cuenco, DD, PhD, LIB, was raised to the rank of Metropolitan Archbishop, thereby making him the first Archbishop of Jaro.

On January 17, 1976, Pope Paul VI elevated Capiz to the rank of Archdiocese, with the dioceses of Romblon and Kalibo as its suffragans. The Archdiocese of Jaro was left with the dioceses of Bacolod (which eventually was divided into three (3) dioceses, to wit, Bacolod, San Carlos, and Kabankalan) and San Jose de Antique as its suffragans.

Last 2012, the relics of Saint Clare and the pilgrim image of St. Pedro Calungsod visited the Archdiocese.

Last March 15–17, 2013, the pilgrim relics of St. Therese of the Child Jesus visited the Archdiocese a third time.

Parish Churches and Shrines


Suffragan dioceses

Congregations of Men and Women in the Archdiocese of Jaro



Prelates of Jaro Archdiocese

Most Reverend Angel N. Lagdameo, D.D.

The Most Reverend Angel N. Lagdameo, D.D. (Born August 2, 1940) is the current archbishop and also president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines.

He was born in Lucban in the Province of Quezon in 1940. He attended the San Jose Seminary, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree, a degree in Philosophy in 1954, and a degree in theology in 1965. On December 19, 1964, Lagdameo was ordained a priest in Lucena City.

On August 12, 1980, Father Lagdameo was ordained in Lucena Cathedral as the titular bishop of Oreto. He was an auxiliary bishop for the Archdiocese of Cebu from 1980 to 1986. In 1986, he was appointed the coadjutor bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jaro

List of Bishops and Archbishops of Jaro

No. Picture Name From Until
1 Mariano Cuartero y Medina, O. P. 20 September 1867 16 July 1884
2 Leandro Arrúe Agudo, O.A.R. 27 March 1885 24 October 1897
3 Andrés Ferrero y Malo de San José, O.A.R. 24 March 1898 27 October 1903
4 Frederick Zadok Rooker 12 June 1903 20 September 1907
5 Dennis Joseph Dougherty 19 April 1908 6 December 1915
6 Maurice Patrick Foley 6 September 1916 7 August 1919
7 James Paul McCloskey 8 March 1920 10 April 1945
8 José María Cuenco 24 November 1945 8 October 1972
9 Jaime Lachica Sin 8 October 1972 21 Jan 1974
10 Artemio G. Casas 11 May 1974 25 October 1985
11 Alberto Jover Piamonte 2 April 1986 17 December 1998
12 Angel Lagdameo 11 March 2000 incumbent

Affiliated Bishops



See also

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