Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit
|Archdiocese of Detroit|
|Territory||Counties of Lapeer, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne|
|Area||3,901 km2 (1,506 sq mi)|
(as of 2013)|
|Established||March 8, 1833 (183 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament|
|Patron saint||St. Anne|
|Archbishop||Allen Henry Vigneron|
Michael J. Byrnes|
|Vicar General||Rev. Msgr. Robert McClory|
Adam Joseph Cardinal Maida|
Francis R. Reiss
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit (Latin: Archidioecesis Detroitensis) is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church covering (as of 2005) the Michigan counties of Lapeer, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne. It is the metropolitan archdiocese for the Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical Province of Detroit, which includes all dioceses in the state of Michigan. In addition, in 2000 the archdiocese accepted pastoral responsibility for the Roman Catholic Church in the Cayman Islands, which consists of Saint Ignatius Parish on Grand Cayman (the Archdiocese of Kingston maintains a mission sui iuris jurisdiction over the Cayman Islands).
Established as the Diocese of Detroit on March 8, 1833, it was elevated to archiepiscopal status on May 22, 1937. Ste. Anne's in Detroit is the second oldest continuously-operating Roman Catholic Parish in the United States dating from July 26, 1701; it now serves a large Hispanic congregation.
The Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament, located at 9844 Woodward Avenue, in Detroit has served as the mother church since 1938. Earlier cathedrals were: Ste. Anne de Detroit, 1833 to 1848; Sts. Peter and Paul Church, 1848 to 1877; and St. Patrick's Church at 124 Adelaide Street, 1877 to 1938.
Before the Diocese of Detroit was formed, Michigan had been under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Diocese of Quebec from 1701 until sometime after 1796; de facto American sovereignty was established in that year. At the time, the Diocese of Baltimore encompassed the whole of the United States. Upon the creation of diocesan seats at Bardstown (1808) and later, at Cincinnati (1821), Detroit and Michigan were assigned to those sees.
Pope Gregory XVI formed the Diocese of Detroit March 8, 1833, and named Frederick Rese as its first bishop. At the time it covered Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and the Dakotas to the Missouri River. In 1843, all territory of the diocese not incorporated into the State of Michigan was transferred to the Diocese of Milwaukee.
On July 29, 1853, Pope Pius IX formed the Vicarate Apostolic of Upper Michigan, with responsibility for the Upper Peninsula. The territory of the diocese would be further reduced to its current size by the organization of the dioceses of Grand Rapids (1882), Lansing (1937), and shortly after the see was elevated to the status of an archdiocese, Saginaw (1938).
The son of Prussian Polish immigrants, Rev. John A. Lemke, born in Detroit on February 10, 1866, was the first native-born Roman Catholic priest of Polish descent to be ordained in America. He was baptized at St. Mary Roman Catholic Church (1843), at the corner of St. Antoine and Croghan (Monroe Street), on February 18, 1866, attended St. Albertus for his primary education, and studied at Detroit College (now the University of Detroit Mercy), where he received a bachelor's degree in 1884. After attending St. Mary's in Baltimore, he completed his theological studies at St. Francis Seminary in Monroe, Michigan, and he was ordained by Bishop John Samuel Foley in 1889. His added confirmation name was Aloysius.
In January 1989, Cardinal Edmund Szoka implemented a controversial plan to close 30 churches within the city of Detroit. He also ordered 25 other parishes to improve their situation or also face closure. The plan resulted from a five-year study which analyzed maintenance costs, priest availability, parish income and membership before recommending closure of 43 parishes.
On May 5, 2011, Archbishop Allen Vigneron announced that Pope Benedict XVI approved his request to name Saint Anne as patroness of Detroit. The Papal decree stated that Saint Anne has been the city's patroness since time immemorial.
On February 21, 2012, Vigneron announced a second plan to consolidate churches to address declining membership and clergy availability within the archdiocese. Under the plan, two parishes would close in 2012 and 60 others were to consolidate into 21 by the end of 2013. Six additional parishes were asked to submit a viable plan to repay debt or merge with other churches and the remaining 214 parishes in the archdiocese were asked to submit plans by the end of 2012 to share resources or merge.
Bishops and Archbishops and their terms of service:
- Frederick Rese (1833–1871)
- Caspar Borgess (1871–1887)
- John Samuel Foley (1888–1918)
- Michael Gallagher (July 18, 1918 – January 20, 1937)
- Edward Aloysius Cardinal Mooney (May 31, 1937 – October 25, 1958)
- John Francis Cardinal Dearden (December 18, 1958 – July 15, 1980)
- Edmund Casimir Cardinal Szoka (March 21, 1981 – April 28, 1990)
- Adam Joseph Cardinal Maida (June 12, 1990 – January 5, 2009)
- Allen Henry Vigneron (January 28, 2009 – present)
Coadjutor bishops (who did not become diocesan bishop)
- Peter Paul Lefevere (1841–1869)
- Michael J. Byrnes
- Donald Hanchon
- Arturo Cepeda
- Gerard William Battersby (Bishop-elect)
- Robert Joseph Fisher (Bishop-elect)
Auxiliary Bishops (emeritus)
Deceased Auxiliary Bishops
- Henry Edmund Donnelly (1954-1967)
- Walter Joseph Schoenherr (1968-1995)
- Arthur Henry Krawczak (1973-1982)
- Moses B. Anderson (1982-2003)
As of 2013 the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit had 96 schools with 30,000 students. As of 2013 there are four Catholic grade schools and three Catholic high schools in the City of Detroit, with all of them in the city's west side.
In the 1964-1965 school year, there were 360 schools operated by the archdiocese, with about 110 grade schools in Detroit, Hamtramck, and Highland Park and 55 high schools in those three cities. There were a total of 203,000 students in the Catholic schools. The Catholic school population has decreased due to the increase of charter schools, increasing tuition at Catholic schools, the small number of African-American Catholics, White Catholics moving to suburbs, and the decreased number of teaching nuns.
Universities and colleges
- Former Duns Scotus College in Southfield.
- Cardinal Maida outside of the Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament in Detroit
- Diocese of Gaylord
- Diocese of Grand Rapids
- Diocese of Kalamazoo
- Diocese of Lansing
- Diocese of Marquette
- Diocese of Saginaw
- Catholic Church by country
- Catholic Church hierarchy
- Polish Cathedral style churches
- Religion in Metro Detroit
- List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States
- "Archdiocese of Detroit". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "St. Ignatius Parish". Archdiocese of Detroit. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- "About the parish". Saint Ignatius Parish. July 17, 2010. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- "Mission "Sui Iuris" of Cayman Islands". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Woodford, Arthur M. (2001). This is Detroit 1701–2001. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-8143-2914-4.
- Poremba, David Lee (2001). Detroit in Its World Setting (timeline). Wayne State University. p. 7. ISBN 0-8143-2870-9.
- "History". Archdiocese of Detroit. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
- "History". Ss. Peter and Paul Jesuit Church.
- Austin, Dan. "St. Patrick Catholic Church". Historic Detroit.
- Treppa, Alan R. Rev. John A. Lemke: America's First Native Born Roman Catholic Priest.St. Albertus.org. Retrieved on July 25, 2008. Archived July 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Cardinal of Detroit Orders 30 Parishes In the City to Close". The New York Times. Associated Press. January 9, 1989. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "Detroit Prelate Backs Plan to Close 43 Churches". Los Angeles Times. October 15, 1988. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "County Membership Report: Wayne County, Michigan". Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010.
- Kohn, Joe (May 6, 2011). "Saint Anne declared patroness for Church of Detroit". The Michigan Catholic. Archdiocese of Detroit. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Brand-Williams, Orlandar (February 21, 2012). "31 Catholic parishes face consolidation". The Detroit News. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Historic sites online.Michigan Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved on December 11, 2007. Archived March 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- National Register of Historic Places - Michigan: Wayne County. National Park Service. Retrieved on December 12, 2007.
- "New Chancery, new beginning: Better to serve". The Michigan Catholic. February 20, 2015. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
- St. Paul Roman Catholic Church Complex. Michigan Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved on December 11, 2007.
- "Maida, Adam Joseph". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
- Kohn, Joe (February 6, 2009). "Archbishop Vigneron installed as 10th chief shepherd of Detroit diocese". The Michigan Catholic. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Greilick, John T. (May 5, 2011). "Three auxililiary bishops of Detroit ordained". The Detroit News. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Montemurri, Patricia (February 1, 2013). "Detroit area's Catholic schools shrink, but tradition endures". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014.
References and further reading
- Godzak, Roman (2000). Archdiocese of Detroit (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-0797-0.
- Godzak, Roman (2004). Catholic Churches of Detroit (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3235-5.
- Godzak, Roman (2000). Make Straight the Path: A 300 Year Pilgrimage Archdiocese of Detroit. Editions du Signe. ISBN 2-7468-0145-0.
- Hill, Eric J.; Gallagher, John (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3.
- Muller, Herman Joseph (1976). The University of Detroit 1877-1977: A Centennial History. University of Detroit. ASIN B0006CVJ4S.
- Tentler, Leslie Woodcock with forward by Edmund Cardinal Szoka (1992). Seasons of Grace: A History of the Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-2106-2.
- Tutag, Nola Huse with Lucy Hamilton (1988). Discovering Stained Glass in Detroit. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1875-4.
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit Official Site
- Archdiocese of Detroit Website (Archive)
- Archdiocese of Detroit Website (Archive)
- Archdiocese of Detroit at http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org
- "Letter from Kerala Catholic Association to Rev. Adam J. Maida, Archbishop of Detroit" in the South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA)