Antoine, Duke of Montpensier

Not to be confused with Antoine Philippe, Duke of Montpensier.
Duke of Montpensier
Predecessor Prince Antoine Philippe d'Orléans
Successor Prince Ferdinand d'Orléans
Born (1824-07-31)31 July 1824
Château de Neuilly, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died 4 February 1890(1890-02-04) (aged 65)
Palacio de Orléans-Borbón, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain
Burial (1890-02-08)8 February 1890
Infantes Pantheon, Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Spouse Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
among others...
Infanta María Isabel, Countess of Paris
María de las Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
Full name
Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans
House Orléans
Father Louis-Philippe of France
Mother Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Religion Roman Catholicism

Antoine d'Orléans (Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans; 31 July 1824  4 February 1890) was a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain.

Marriage and issue

On 10 October 1846 at Madrid, Spain, he married Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, the daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.

They had ten children:

1. Maria Isabel (1848–1919),who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.

2. Maria Amelia (1851–1870)

3. Maria Cristina (1852–1879)

4. Maria de la Regla (1856–1861)

5. [?] (1857-1857)

6. Fernando (1859–1873)

7. Mercedes (1860–1878), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.

8. Felipe Raimundo Maria(1862–1864)

9. Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons.

10. Luis Maria Felipe Antonio(1867–1874)

Candidate for the Spanish throne

Antoine de Montpensier lived in Spain from 1848 when he and his family had to leave France after the Revolution of 1848. During the Spanish revolution of 1868, he supported the insurgents under Juan Prim against Queen Isabella II of Spain, his own sister-in-law.

In 1870 he fought a duel against Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, the brother of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, and killed him. Antoine was convicted and sentenced to one month in prison.

On 16 November 1870 the Cortes voted for the next king and chose Amadeo of Savoy with 191 votes. Antoine only received 27 votes, and left Spain, only to return in 1874. His ambitions were fulfilled by his daughter Mercedes, who became Queen of Spain after her marriage to Alfonso XII, son of Isabella II.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Royal styles of
HRH The Duke of Montpensier
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

Titles and styles

France/ France


The Duke's complete style in Spain, after his rise to the rank of Infante, was: Su Alteza Real el Serenísmo y Egregio Señor Infante Don Antonio María de Orleans, Duque de Montpensier (in English: His Royal and Serene Highness the Notable Prince Lord Antonio María d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier).





    Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
    Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
    Born: 31 July 1824 Died: 4 February 1890
    French nobility
    Title last held by
    Prince Antoine Philippe d'Orléans
    Duke of Montpensier
    16 August 1830 – 4 July 1890
    Succeeded by
    Prince Ferdinand d'Orléans
    Italian nobility
    Title last held by
    Maria Brignole-Sale
    Duke of Galliera
    9 December 1888 – 4 July 1890
    Succeeded by
    Infante Antonio
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