Antebellum architecture (meaning "prewar", from the Latin ante, "before", and bellum, "war") is the neoclassical architectural style characteristic of the 19th-century Southern United States, especially the Deep South, from after the birth of the United States with the American Revolution, to the start of the American Civil War. Antebellum architecture is especially characterized by Georgian, Neo-classical, and Greek Revival style plantation homes and mansions.
Many plantation houses still standing are of this style, including:
- Barrington Hall in Roswell, Georgia
- Bulloch Hall in Roswell, Georgia
- Goodman-LeGrand House in Tyler, Texas
- Monmouth Plantation, in Natchez, Mississippi
- Myrtles Plantation, in St. Francisville, Louisiana
- Boone Hall, near Charleston, South Carolina; built in 1936, but in the antebellum style.
- The Hermitage, near Nashville, Tennessee
- Longwood in Natchez, Mississippi
- Millford Plantation in Pinewood, South Carolina
- Nottoway Plantation in White Castle, Louisiana
- Belle Grove Plantation in Iberville Parish, Louisiana, the largest plantation house ever built in the South.
- Orton Plantation in Brunswick County, North Carolina
- Rosedown Plantation in St. Francisville, Louisiana
- Oak Alley Plantation in Vacherie, Louisiana
- Belle Meade Plantation in Belle Meade, Tennessee
- Waverley in West Point, Mississippi
- Hunter-Dawson Home in New Madrid, Missouri
- Carnton Plantation in Franklin, Tennessee
- Rippavilla Plantation in Spring Hill, Tennessee
- Glen Mary Plantation in Sparta, Georgia
- Ward Hall in Georgetown, Kentucky
- Evergreen Plantation in Wallace, Louisiana
The features associated with antebellum architecture were introduced by people of British descent who settled in the Southern states during the colonial period and in U.S. territories after the Louisiana Purchase of 1803.
- Gary B., Nash; et al. (2004 [reprinted 2009]). The American People: Creating a Nation and a Society, Volume 1 (to 1877) (6th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall (London: Pearson; plus Longman and Vango imprints). ISBN 978-0-205-64282-3. Check date values in:
- "What is Antebellum Architecture? Definition and Examples". Architecture.about.com. Retrieved 2014-08-17.