Anne Seymour Damer
Anne Seymour Damer, née Conway, (8 November 1749 – 28 May 1828) was an English sculptor.
Anne Conway was born in Sevenoaks into an aristocratic Whig family; she was the only daughter of Field-Marshal Henry Seymour Conway (1721–1795) and his wife Caroline Bruce, born Campbell, Lady Ailesbury (1721–1803), and was brought up at the family home at Park Place, Remenham, Berkshire.
In 1767 she married John Damer, the son of Lord Milton, later the 1st Earl of Dorchester. The couple received an income of £5,000 from Lord Milton, and were left large fortunes by Milton and Henry Conway. They separated after seven years, and he committed suicide in 1776, leaving considerable debts. Her artistic career developed during her widowhood.
Anne was a frequent visitor to Europe. During one voyage she was captured by a privateer, but released unharmed in Jersey. She visited Sir Horace Mann in Florence, and Sir William Hamilton in Naples, where she was introduced to Lord Nelson. In 1802, while the Treaty of Amiens was in effect, she visited Paris with the author Mary Berry and was granted an audience with Napoleon.
From 1818, Anne Damer lived at York House, Twickenham. She died, aged 79, in 1828 at her London house, No. 27 Upper Brook Street, Grosvenor Square. She was buried in the church at Sundridge, Kent, along with her sculptor's tools and apron and the ashes of her favourite dog.
The development of Anne Seymour Damer's interest in sculpture is credited to David Hume (who served as Under-Secretary when her father was Secretary of State, 1766–68) and to the encouragement of Horace Walpole, who was her guardian during her parents' frequent trips abroad. According to Walpole, her training included lessons in modelling from Giuseppe Ceracchi, in marble carving from John Bacon, and in anatomy from William Cumberland Cruikshank.
During the period 1784–1818, Damer exhibited 32 works as an honorary exhibitor at the Royal Academy. Her work, primarily busts in Neoclassical style, developed from early wax sculptures to technically complex ones in works in terracotta, bronze, and marble. Her subjects, largely drawn from friends and colleagues in Whig circles, included Lady Melbourne, Nelson, Joseph Banks, George III, Mary Berry, Charles James Fox and herself. She executed several actors' portraits, such as the busts of her friends Sarah Siddons and Elizabeth Farren (as the Muses Melpomene and Thalia).
She produced keystone sculptures of Isis and Tamesis for each side of the central arch on the bridge at Henley-on-Thames. The original models are in the Henley Gallery of the River and Rowing Museum nearby. Another major architectural work was her 10-foot statue of Apollo, now destroyed, for the frontage of Drury Lane theatre. She also created two bas reliefs for the Boydell Shakespeare Gallery of scenes from Coriolanus and Antony and Cleopatra.
Damer's friends included a number of influential Whigs and aristocrats. Her guardian and friend Horace Walpole was a significant figure, who helped foster her career and on his death left her his London villa, Strawberry Hill. She also moved in literary and theatrical circles, where her friends included the poet and dramatist Joanna Baillie, the author Mary Berry, and the actors Sarah Siddons and Elizabeth Farren. She frequently took part in masques at the Pantheon and amateur theatricals at the London residence of the Duke of Richmond, who was married to her half-sister.
A number of sources have named Damer as being involved in lesbian relationships, particularly relating to her close friendship with Mary Berry, to whom she had been introduced by Walpole in 1789. Even during her marriage, her likings for male clothing and demonstrative friendships with other women were publicly noted and satirised by hostile commentators such as Hester Thrale and in the anonymous pamphlet A Sapphick Epistle from Jack Cavendish to the Honourable and most Beautiful, Mrs D— (c.1770).
- Seewald, Jan. Theatrical Sculpture. Skulptierte Bildnisse berühmter englischer Schauspieler (1750–1850), insbesondere David Garrick und Sarah Siddons. Herbert Utz Verlag, München 2007, ISBN 978-3-8316-0671-9.
- Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1887). "Conway, Henry Seymour". Dictionary of National Biography. 12. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Wheatley, Henry Benjamin (1881). London, Past and Present. London: Murray. p. 283.
- Walpole, Horace (1891). Peter Cunningham, ed. The letters of Horace Walpole, fourth earl of Orford, Volume 8. London: R. Bentley. p. 550–551.
- Damer, Anne Seymour (1827). Belmour: a novel, Volume 1. London: H. Colburn. p. 335.
- Damer, Anne Seymour (1827). Belmour: a novel, Volume 2. London: H. Colburn. p. 349.
- The Letters of Horace Walpole: Earl of Orford, Horace Walpole, H.G. Bohn, 1861. Google Books
- The Lesbian History Sourcebook: Love and Sex Between Women in Britain from 1780 to 1970, Alison Oram, Annmarie Turnbull, Routledge, 2001, ISBN 0-415-11484-5 Google Books
- Yarrington, Alison (2004). "Damer, Anne Seymour (1749–1828)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- Rictor Norton (Ed.), "A Sapphick Epistle, 1778", Homosexuality in Eighteenth-Century England: A Sourcebook. 1 December 1999, updated 23 February 2003 <http://www.infopt.demon.co.uk/sapphick.htm> Retrieved on 2007-08-16
- "Interview with Emma Donoghue, Life Mask". Harcourt Trade Publishers. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
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- Artcyclopedia information including links to artworks
- Artworks in the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Artwork in Tate, London
- WWAR information
- A&A art and architecture images including a marble sculpture self portrait from the Courtauld Institute of Art
- The Twickenham Museum
- Anne Damer- socialite to sculptress (http://www.mrsdamer.com)