Heritage railway

Coat of arms

Coordinates: 44°03′53″N 3°59′07″E / 44.0646°N 3.9853°E / 44.0646; 3.9853Coordinates: 44°03′53″N 3°59′07″E / 44.0646°N 3.9853°E / 44.0646; 3.9853
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Gard
Arrondissement Alès
Canton Anduze
Intercommunality autour d'Anduze
  Mayor (20082014) Bonifacio Iglesias
Area1 14.6 km2 (5.6 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 3,289
  Density 230/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 30010 / 30140
Elevation 117–443 m (384–1,453 ft)
(avg. 131 m or 430 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Anduze (Andusa in Occitan) is a commune in the Gard department in southern France.[1] The village is at the foot of the Cevennes range, in the limestone plateau of the Languedoc scrublands.


The lordship of Anduze which was established in the early 10th century was one of the oldest and most powerful of Languedoc. Coining money, the family Anduze reigned as the supreme house of the Cevennes. The lords of the House Anduze were the titled Marquis of Gothia and Prince of Anduze and was allied to the counts of Toulouse and participated in the crusade against the Albigensians in 1266, it was related to the crown of France. It counted among its branches of the houses of Sauve, Roquefeuil (still existing), Sommieres, and Cayla Thoiras. Anduze was the cradle of French sericulture from late 13th century. The city then became the regional center of trading in silk and wool. It had up to 7,000 people at its peak.

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Anduze was an important center of Protestantism. The walled city, which had 6000 inhabitants in 1570, became the headquarters of the Protestant forces of the South. In 1573, the city saw the birth of what Janine Garrison called the United Provinces of the South: including an attempted independent Huguenot State, based on local autonomy.[2] Anduze was the basis of the resistance of the Duc de Rohan in 1622, and in 1629 the Peace of Ales, saw the dismantling of the city ramparts.

In the nineteenth century, with the industrial revolution, knew new economic development in silk mills, hosiery and headgear took place, before being hit by recession. Anduze was also site of the Cevennes Coal Mines, prime contractors of French coal industry.

The city is known for its zinc smelting, pottery, castle dating from the sixteenth century. Currently, tourism plays a very important role in the economy of the area, the station is used by the tourist railway steam train of the Cevennes.


Historical population



Fontaine Pagode.

The town has many picturesque fountains, the most famous is the so-called Pagoda, near the ancient medieval halls.


The town of Anduze has long been a centre for diverse christian traditions, and this is reflected in the variety of church buildings today


See also


  1. Anduze", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. II, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, p. 24 .
  2. Au début du XXIe siècle, les modalités de recensement ont été modifiées par la loi no 2002-276 du 27 février 2002 [archive], dite « loi de démocratie de proximité » relative à la démocratie de proximité et notamment le titre V « des opérations de recensement », afin de permettre, après une période transitoire courant de 2004 à 2008, la publication annuelle de la population légale des différentes circonscriptions administratives françaises. Pour les communes dont la population est supérieure à 10 000 habitants, une enquête par sondage est effectuée chaque année, la totalité du territoire de ces communes est prise en compte au terme de la même période de cinq ans. La première population légale postérieure à celle de 1999 et s’inscrivant dans ce nouveau dispositif est entrée en vigueur au 1er janvier 2009 et correspond au recensement de l’année 2006.

External links

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