Andrei Marga

Andrei Marga
Rector of the Babeş-Bolyai University
In office
Preceded by Ionel Haiduc
Succeeded by Nicolae Bocşan
In office
Preceded by Nicolae Bocşan
Succeeded by Ioan-Aurel Pop
Minister of National Education
In office
President Emil Constantinescu
Prime Minister Victor Ciorbea
Gavril Dejeu (ad interim)
Preceded by Virgil Petrescu
Succeeded by himself
Majority Romanian Democratic Convention
In office
Prime Minister Radu Vasile
Alexandru Athanasiu (ad interim)
Preceded by himself
Succeeded by himself
In office
Prime Minister Mugur Isărescu
Preceded by himself
Succeeded by Ecaterina Andronescu
Personal details
Born 22 May 1946
Political party National Liberal Party
Other political
Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party (1999 - 2001)

Andrei Marga (Romanian pronunciation: [anˈdrej ˈmarɡa]; born 22 May 1946) is a Romanian philosopher, political scientist, and politician. Rector – for the second time – of the Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, he was a member of the Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNŢCD), serving as Minister of Education in the Democratic Convention (CDR) coalition governments of Victor Ciorbea, Radu Vasile, and Mugur Isărescu (1997-2000). In January 2001, he replaced Ion Diaconescu as PNŢCD chairman, but resigned from his post in July 2001, amid political tensions in the party. He formed a new party, the Popular Christian Party later in the year.[1] Later, he affiliated with the National Liberal Party (PNL).

Marga has authored a large number of volumes on political science, political philosophy, and the philosophy of history. His work touches a variety of subjects, including the philosophical theories of Herbert Marcuse and Jürgen Habermas, the nature of positivism, and trends in contemporary philosophy.[2] He has also lectured on specific subjects, such as the philosophic foundations of transition from communism to a market economy, and the evolution of principles guiding European integration.[2] In later works, he approached topics pertaining to the philosophy of religion, and to the status of religion in the age of globalization.[2] In 2005, Andrei Marga received the Herder Prize in recognition of his contributions.[2]


Marga was born in Bucharest, attended the University of Cluj and also had a one-year scholarship at the University of Freiburg (West Germany).[3][4]

In 1993, he became the rector of the Babeş-Bolyai University, of Cluj-Napoca.

As minister, Andrei Marga promoted educational system reform, stressing that the communist legacy had contributed to a rise in political corruption, and indicating that Romanian education lacked staples of professionalism such as underlined purposes, standards in certification, and evaluation criteria.[5] Marga also criticized the system for relying on "original features" and "Romanian traditions", which had been explained as a means to promote national development, but, in effect, had contributed to the gap between Romania and the Western world.[5] He called for modernization, and defined his goals as "increasing the links between education and the economic, administrative and cultural environment, improving the educational infrastructure, eliminating paternalism and populism from educational management, and enhancing international cooperation in education".[5]

The program was criticized by the political opposition, who argued that the system in place was satisfactory, and blamed the existing problems on the post-1989 political and social climate.[6] In parallel, supporters of reform were dissatisfied with its slow pace and inadequate financing.[7]

In early 1998, a controversy erupted in Romanian politics, after the CDR announced that it was planning to stand by the plan to set up separate universities for the Hungarian minority.[8] The decision was in turn based on a promise made to their coalition partner, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania.[8] In this context, Marga took the middle ground, saying that he supported separate Hungarian-language sections but not separate institutions (a similar view was expressed by the CDR's other coalition partner, the Democratic Party).[8]

Marga joined the PNŢCD in 1999, and became its leader two years later. Party rules prohibited members with less than five years in the party from running for party president. During the party's congress, a few candidates resigned in support of Marga and the party's constitution was amended to allow Marga to run. Marga defeated his conservative opponents with the support of the congress in spite of opposition from the party hierarchy. He was brought in to reform the party and position it to recover from the losses of the December 2000 election. His tenure failed to bring in the rapid changes desired and opposition from prominent conservative elements in his party stifled his ideas. He resigned in July 2001.[9]

In 2002, Marga joined the PNŢCD's former coalition partner, the National Liberal Party. From May to August 2012, Marga served as Foreign Minister in the government of Victor Ponta.

Published works

International Prizes

State Awards and other International Awards


  1. Alan J. Day, Roger East, Richard Thomas, A Political and Economic Dictionary of Eastern Europe, Europa Publications, London, 2002. p.112.
  2. 1 2 3 4 (Romanian) Mădălina Diaconu, "Premiile Herder 2005", in Observator Cultural; retrieved August 4, 2007
  3. "Speaker and Presenter Biographies". Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  4. "Exclusiv Documente: Andrei Marga de la activist A.S.C. plătit de PCR la ministru liberal în Guvernul Ponta". Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  5. 1 2 3 Daun & Săpătoru, p.171
  6. Daun & Săpătoru, p.173
  7. Daun & Săpătoru, p.171-172
  8. 1 2 3 Matyas Szabó, "Romania. The perils of Coalition politics", in Peter Rutland, Annual Survey of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union 1998, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk, 2000, p.265. ISBN 0-7656-0360-8
  9. Lavinia Stan, "From Riches to Rags: The Romanian Christian Democrat Peasant Party", in East European Quarterly, Vol. 39, 2005.


External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Ionel Haiduc
Rector of the Babeş-Bolyai University
Succeeded by
Nicolae Bocşan
Political offices
Preceded by
Virgil Petrescu
Minister of Education
Succeeded by
Ecaterina Andronescu
Preceded by
Cristian Diaconescu
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Titus Corlățean
Party political offices
Preceded by
Constantin Dudu Ionescu
President of the
Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party
Succeeded by
Victor Ciorbea
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Horia-Roman Patapievici
President of the Romanian Cultural Institute
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