Established by Samuel Eliot Morison and Walter Muir Whitehill, the Peabody Museum of Salem published the journal from 1941 to 1992. In 1992-93, it was jointly published by the Peabody and the Essex Museums, and from 1993 until 2002 by the successor organization, the Peabody Essex Museum. The journal was originally subtitled as "A Quarterly Journal of Maritime History" and later in 1995 added "and Arts".
The American Neptune's final issue was Volume 62, number 1 (Winter 2002). After a hiatus, it was succeeded by Northern Mariner.
- "Magazines & Periodicals". Boat Links. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- Ernest S. Dodge, Thirty Years of the American Neptune, Cambridge. MA: Harvard University Press, 1972.
- The American Neptune: Fifty-year index, volumes I-L, 1941-1990, Salem, Mass.: Peabody Essex Museum, 1997.
- American Neptune limited access via HathiTrust
- List of pictorial supplements at the Wayback Machine (archived April 13, 2014)