Maria Amalia of Courland

Maria Anna Amalia of Courland
Spouse(s) Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Noble family Ketteler
Father Jacob of Courland
Mother Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg
Born (1653-06-12)12 June 1653
Died 16 June 1711(1711-06-16) (aged 58)
Buried Martinskirche, Kassel

Maria Anna Amalia of Courland (12 June 1653, Mitau 16 June 1711, Weilmünster) was a German noblewoman. A princess of Courland from the Ketteler family, she was also Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel via her marriage on 21 May 1673 to her first cousin Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. She was the child of Jacob Kettler and Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg, eldest daughter of George William, Elector of Brandenburg.


Amalia was a daughter of the Duke Jacob of Courland (1610–1662) from his marriage to Louise Charlotte (1617–1676), eldest daughter of the Elector George William of Brandenburg.

On 21 May 1673, she married in Kassel her first cousin Landgrave Charles I of Hesse-Kassel (1654–1730). Amalia had previously been engaged with Charles older brother, William VII, but he died during his grand tour at the young age of 19 years.

The Landgravine participated in the creation of Karlsaue Park in Kassel. The marmor fountain in the park contains a medallion by the influential Roman sculptor Pierre Etienne Monnot (1657–1733) depicting Maria Amalia.

She was described as modest, affable and pious.

She and her son Maximilian acquired Sensenstein Castle in 1699.

She died in 1711 and was buried in the Martinskirche, Kassel.

The village of Mariendorf in Immenhausen district was named after her.


married firstly in 1700 Louise Dorothea of Prussia (1680-1705)
married secondly in 1715 Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (1688-1741)
married in 1704 Duke Frederick William of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1675-1713)
married in 1717 Princess Dorothea Wilhelmina of Saxe-Zeitz (1691-1743)
married in 1709 Prince John William Friso of Nassau-Dietz (1687-1711)
married in 1720 Princess Frederica Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt (1698-1777)

References and sources

Maria Amalia of Courland
Born: 12 June 1653 Died: 16 June 1711
Title last held by
Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg
Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel
21 May 167316 June 1711
Title next held by
Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden
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