Aloys I, Prince of Liechtenstein

Aloys I
Prince of Liechtenstein

Aloys I by Stroehling
Reign 18 August 1781 – 24 March 1805
Predecessor Franz Joseph I
Successor Johann I Joseph
Born Aloys Josef Johannes Nepomuk Melchior
(1759-05-14)14 May 1759
Died 24 March 1805(1805-03-24) (aged 45)
Burial Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Brno
Spouse Karoline von Manderscheid-Blankenheim
Full name
Aloys Josef Johannes Nepomuk Melchior
House Liechtenstein
Father Franz Joseph I
Mother Leopoldine von Sternberg

Aloys I, Prince of Liechtenstein (born Aloys Josef Johannes Nepomuk Melchior; 14 May 1759 in Vienna 24 March 1805 in Vienna) was the Prince of Liechtenstein from 1781 until his death. He was the third son of Franz Josef I.

Aloys was enlisted in the military as a youth but withdrew due to poor health. His great interest was forestry and gardening and had many trees from overseas planted around his manors for both economic and aesthetic reasons. He also decorated Eisgrub Park with ornamental buildings. Aloys I supported mining operations within his lands in Moravia in order to raise money. This included the construction of an ironworks at Olomouc.

Aloys I also expanded the Liechtenstein library through the purchase of complete collections of books. Aloys I had the architect Joseph Hardtmuth design a new palace in Herrengasse, Vienna. He hired a seasonal theater group and a permanent music group.

During his reign, Liechtenstein carried out the last execution in its history when Barbara Erni was beheaded in Eschen for theft.

He was the 836th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria.

Aloys married Karoline Gräfin von Manderscheid-Blankenheim (14 November 1768, in Köln - 11 June 1831, in Vienna) in Feldsberg on 15 November/16 November 1783. The couple was childless, and Liechtenstein went to Aloys' brother Johann I.


External links

Aloys I, Prince of Liechtenstein
Born: 14 May 1759 Died: 24 March 1805
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Franz Joseph I
Prince of Liechtenstein
Succeeded by
Johann I Joseph

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 2/7/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.