Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party

This article is about European political party. For the European Parliament Group, see Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group. For the transnational political alliance, see Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
Leader Guy Verhofstadt MEP
President Hans van Baalen MEP
Founded March 1976 [1]
Headquarters Rue d'Idalie 11,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tank European Liberal Forum
Youth wing European Liberal Youth
Ideology Liberalism (European)[2]
Political position Centre
International affiliation Liberal International
European Parliament group Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours      Gold
European Parliament
58 / 751
European Council
7 / 28
European Lower Houses
641 / 5,297

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe. Until 10 November 2012, the party was known as European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR).[3] The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International.[4]

Having developed from a loose confederation of national political parties in the 1970s, the ALDE Party is a recognised European political party incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.

As of 2015, ALDE is represented in European Union institutions, with 70 MEPs and 5 members of the European Commission. Of the 28 EU member states, there are seven with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Charles Michel (MR) in Belgium, Taavi Rõivas (RE) in Estonia, Miro Cerar (SMC) in Slovenia, Juha Sipilä (KESK) in Finland, Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands and Lars Løkke Rasmussen (Venstre) in Denmark. Liberals are also in government in three other EU member states: Croatia, Czech Republic and Lithuania.

Since 20 July 2004, the ALDE Party is politically represented in the European Parliament by the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) parliamentary group, formed in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). The ALDE parliamentary group is led by Guy Verhofstadt, a former Prime Minister of Belgium. Prior to the 2004 European election the party was attached to the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) Group.

ALDE's think tank is the European Liberal Forum. The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Vedrana Gujic (HNS, Croatia), who was elected for a two-year term as LYMEC President in May 2014, and counts 200,000 members.



The day-to-day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are:[5]

Office Name State member Party member
ALDE Leader in the European Parliament Guy Verhofstadt MEP Belgium Belgium OpenVLD
ALDE President Hans van Baalen MEP Netherlands Netherlands VVD
ALDE Secretary-General Jacob Moroza-Rasmussen Denmark Denmark Venstre
ALDE Secretary-General
of the Parliamentary Group
Alexander Beels Netherlands Netherlands VVD
ALDE Vice-Presidents Marta Pascal MPC Spain Spain CDC
Timmy Dooley TD Republic of Ireland Ireland FF
Fredrick Federley MEP Sweden Sweden CP
Ilhan Kyuchyuk MEP Bulgaria Bulgaria DPS
Markus Löning Germany Germany FDP
Angelika Mlinar MEP Austria Austria NEOS
Ros Scott, Baroness United Kingdom United Kingdom Liberal Democrats
ALDE Treasurer Roman Jakič Slovenia Slovenia ZSD
ALDE in the Council of Europe Honorary President Anne Brasseur Luxembourg Luxemburg DP
ALDE Leader in the EU Committee of the Regions Bas Verkerk Netherlands Netherlands VVD
President of the European Liberal Youth Vedrana Gujić Croatia Croatia HNS



History of pan-European liberalism

ELDR Party logo (2009-2012).

Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. In March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Liberal Party of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg.[6] Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party.[6] The federation gradually evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) with a matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group.

At an extraordinary Congress in Brussels held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union, the ELDR Party incorporated itself under Belgian law and became a European political party.

The ELDR Party allied with the European Democratic Party in 2004 to form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament. The ELDR Party adopted its current name on 10 November 2012 in order to match the pan-European alliance and parliamentary group.

European Council and Council of Ministers

European Commissioners

ALDE Member Parties contribute 5 out of the 28 members of the European Commission:

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo
Andrus Ansip Vice-President, European Commissioner for Digital Single Market RE
Cecilia Malmström European Commissioner for Trade L
Violeta Bulc European Commissioner for the Energy Union Modern Centre Party
Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Věra Jourová European Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality ANO
Margrethe Vestager European Commissioner for Competition Danish Social Liberal Party

Elected Representatives of Member Parties

European institutions

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Commission
5 / 28
 European Union European Council
(Heads of Government)
7 / 28
 European Union Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
10 / 28
 European Union European Parliament
47 / 751
 Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
28 / 318

National Parliaments of European Union member states

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
 Austria National Council
9 / 183
 Belgium Chamber of Representatives
Lower house
34 / 150
MR, Open Vld
Upper house
13 / 60
MR, Open Vld
 Bulgaria National Assembly
38 / 240
 Croatia Sabor
15 / 151
 Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies
47 / 200
 Denmark Folketing
64 / 175
 Estonia State Council
57 / 101
 Finland Parliament
59 / 200
Kesk., SFP, C
 France National Assembly
Lower house
28 / 577
Upper house
43 / 348
 Germany Bundestag
0 / 631
 Hungary Országgyűlés
1 / 199
 Ireland Dáil
Lower house
44 / 158
Upper house
14 / 60
 Italy Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
0 / 630
IdV, Radicali
Senate of the Republic
Upper house
3 / 315
IdV, Radicali
 Lithuania Seimas
39 / 141
 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies
13 / 60
 Netherlands House of Representatives
Lower house
53 / 150
VVD, D66
Upper house
21 / 75
VVD, D66
 Poland Sejm
Lower house
34 / 460
.Nowoczesna, UED
Senat of Poland
Upper house
0 / 100
 Romania Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
26 / 412
Upper house
12 / 176
 Slovenia National Assembly
40 / 90
 Spain Congress of Deputies
Lower house
40 / 350
C's, CDC
Upper house
7 / 266
C's, CDC
 Sweden Riksdag
41 / 349
C, L
 United Kingdom House of Commons
Lower house
9 / 650
Lib Dems
House of Lords
Upper house
105 / 793
Lib Dems
Gibraltar Parliament
3 / 17
Liberal Party of Gibraltar

National Parliaments outside the European Union

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
 Andorra General Council
8 / 28
 Armenia National Assembly
7 / 131
 Azerbaijan National Assembly
0 / 125
 Georgia Parliament
0 / 150
Republican, FD
 Iceland Althing
6 / 63
 Moldova Parliament
13 / 101
 Montenegro Assembly
1 / 81
 Norway Storting
9 / 169
  Switzerland National Council
Lower house
31 / 200
FDP.The Liberals
Council of States
Upper house
12 / 46
FDP.The Liberals

Member parties

Proportion of ALDE Party MEPs per country as of 2004
Country or Region Party MEPs
 AustriaNEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum
1 / 18
 Belgium (Dutch) Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats
3 / 12
 Belgium (French) Reformist Movement
3 / 8
 BulgariaMovement for Rights and Freedoms
4 / 17
 BulgariaNational Movement for Stability and Progress
0 / 17
 CroatiaCroatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
1 / 11
 CroatiaCroatian Social Liberal Party
0 / 11
 CroatiaIstrian Democratic Assembly
1 / 11
 CyprusUnited Democrats
0 / 6
 Czech RepublicANO 2011
4 / 21
 DenmarkDanish Social Liberal Party
2 / 13
 DenmarkVenstre – Liberal Party of Denmark
1 / 13
 EstoniaEstonian Centre Party
1 / 6
 EstoniaEstonian Reform Party
2 / 6
 FinlandCentre Party
3 / 13
 FinlandSwedish People's Party of Finland
1 / 13
 Åland Islands
Åland Centre
0 / 13
 FranceUnion of Democrats and Independents
2 / 74
 GermanyFree Democratic Party
3 / 96
0 / 21
 HungaryHungarian Liberal Party
0 / 21
 IrelandFianna Fáil
1 / 11
 ItalyItalian Radicals
0 / 73
 ItalyItaly of Values
0 / 73
 LatviaLatvian Development
0 / 8
 LithuaniaLabour Party
1 / 11
 LithuaniaLithuanian Freedom Union (Liberals)
0 / 11
 LithuaniaLiberals' Movement of the Republic of Lithuania
2 / 11
 LuxembourgDemocratic Party
1 / 6
 NetherlandsDemocrats 66
4 / 26
 NetherlandsPeople's Party for Freedom and Democracy
3 / 26
0 / 51
 PolandUnion of European Democrats
0 / 51
 PortugalEarth Party
1 / 21
 RomaniaAlliance of Liberals and Democrats
0 / 32
 SloveniaModern Centre Party
0 / 8
 SloveniaAlliance of Alenka Bratušek
0 / 8
2 / 54
 SpainDemocratic Convergence of Catalonia
1 / 54
 SwedenCentre Party
1 / 20
 SwedenThe Liberals
2 / 20
 United KingdomLiberal Democrats
1 / 73
 United KingdomAlliance Party
0 / 73
 United Kingdom
Liberal Party of Gibraltar
0 / 73

Outside the EU





 Bosnia and Herzegovina











See also


External links

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