Costacurta in 2011.
|Date of birth||24 April 1966|
|Place of birth||Orago, Italy|
|Height||1.82 m (5 ft 11.75 in)|
|Playing position||Centre Back|
|1986–1987||→ Monza (loan)||30||(0)|
|2007–2008||Milan (technical assistant)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Costacurta spent some twenty years in Milan between 1987 and 2007, with a brief spell on loan at Monza. He is best known for his role alongside Franco Baresi, Paolo Maldini and Mauro Tassotti, forming one of the greatest defences in Serie A and European football during the late 1980s and 1990s, under the success of managers Arrigo Sacchi and Fabio Capello. He mainly operated as a central defender, and was a leading exponent of the position, receiving International acclaim, winning 7 Serie A titles and 5 Champions League/European Cup trophies throughout his career, along with many other trophies. Costacurta retired from professional football at the age of 41, on 19 May 2007. In his final match for Milan, he scored a goal from a penalty in a 3–2 defeat against Udinese, becoming the oldest goalscorer in Serie A.
Along with his Milan team mates, Costacurta was also an important member of the Italian national side during the 1990s. He made 59 appearances for Italy, scoring 2 goals, and he participated in two World Cups (in 1994 and 1998), as well as a European Championship in 1996. With Italy, he managed to reach the 1994 World Cup Final, which was lost against Brazil on penalties.
Early Milan career and Monza loan
Alessandro Costacurta was affectionally known to his fans as "Billy", due to his thin physique in his youth, and his notable skill at basketball (as the local basketball team of Milan, Olimpia Milano, was referred to as "Billy" during the late 70s, the team's main shirt sponsor). Originally a Milan youth side product, during his professional career, he would go on to play for the senior club for over twenty seasons, after a brief spell on loan at Monza in Serie C1 during the 1986–87 season. Costacurta was already a young member of the senior squad during the 1985–86 season, but failed to make a single appearance. Before being sent to Monza on loan, Costacurta would make his Milan debut in the Coppa Italia during the 1986–87 season, but wouldn't make his Serie A debut with Milan until the following year, under Arrigo Sacchi. Costacurta made his first Serie A appearance on 25 October 1987 in Verona–Milan, on the 6th match day of the season. Milan would go on to win the match 1–0, as well as the Serie A title, but Costacurta received limited playing opportunities that season, due to the presence of the more experienced Filippo Galli in his position. Overall, Costacurta managed 7 appearances in Serie A, and one appearance in the Coppa Italia that season.
Success under Sacchi and Capello
The 1988–89 season would see Costacurta gain more playing opportunities and appear more frequently for the club, as he would feature in Milan's 3–1 win over Sampdoria in the 1988 Italian Supercup. Costacurta would make 26 appearances in Serie A that season, and would also win his first European Cup title, as Milan defeated Steaua Bucharest 4–0 at the Camp Nou in Barcelona. Costacurta played the first 74 minutes of the final, before being substituted by Filippo Galli.
During the 1989–90 Season, Costacurta won his second consecutive European Cup with Milan, defeating Benfica 1–0 in the final in Vienna. He also featured in Milan's Intercontinental Cup win in Tokyo over Atlético Nacional, and in the European Supercup victory over Cruyff's Barcelona. Costacurta also scored his first goal in Serie A during that season, in a 3–1 away defeat to Milanese rivals Inter in the Derby della Madonnina. Milan would also reach the Coppa Italia final that season. In Sacchi's final season at the club, Costacurta would become a starting centreback alongside Baresi, as well as fullbacks Tassotti and Maldini, in Sacchi's four-man defensive line, which is regarded as one of the greatest defences of all time. Costacurta would make 25 appearances in Serie A that season, and he would also win his second consecutive Intercontinental Cup and European Super Cup trophies.
Under Capello's Milan, Costacurta continued to be a permanent member of the starting line-up, and he won four Serie A titles (including three consecutive titles in 1991–92, 1992–93 and 1993–94, as well as another title in 1995–96), a Champions League title in 1994, an UEFA Super Cup in 1994, as well as three consecutive Italian Supercups in 1992, 1993 and 1994. Milan also managed to reach three consecutive Champions League finals between 1992–93 and 1994–95. Costacurta missed out on the 1994 Champions League final win over Barcelona on 18 May, however, due to a suspension, after being sent off in the semi-final match against Monaco. Costacurta also helped Milan to win the 1991–92 Serie A title undefeated, as Milan went on an Italian record of 58 matches unbeaten. He also played a key role in Milan's defensive line in the 1993–94 title, by only conceding 15 goals all season, as Milan finished the season with the best defence in Italy.
Following Capello's departure after the 1995–96 title win, as well as the aging and retirement of certain key players, Milan faced dark times in their history. Milan were defeated in the 1996 Italian Supercup Final by 1995–96 Coppa Italia winners Fiorentina, and the 1996–97 and 1997–98 seasons were negative, as Milan failed to qualify for Europe on both occasions. These fruitless seasons saw Milan undergo several managerial changes, including Tabárez, and the unsuccessful returns of Sacchi and Capello. Costacurta, through his leadership in defence, however, would help Milan reach the 1998 Coppa Italia Final, losing out to Lazio. With the arrival of Alberto Zaccheroni during the 1998–99 season, Costacurta continued to be a key member of the starting line-up, and featured in Zaccheroni's new three-man defence alongside Maldini and Luigi Sala. Costacurta was also named Milan's vice-captain that season, behind Maldini, following the retirement of Baresi and Tassotti. At the end of the season, Milan managed to capture their 16th Scudetto win, and Costacurta's 6th in total, finishing ahead of Lazio by a single point. The next two seasons, however, would see Milan undergo yet another trophy drought. Milan would lose the 1999 Italian Supercup to Parma, and would finish in third place in 1999–2000, and in a disappointing sixth place, outside of the Champions League spots, in 2000–01. Milan also suffered early eliminations in the first and second round of Champions League during those two seasons, and Zaccheroni would be sacked midway through the 2000–01 season, and replaced with Cesare Maldini as a temporary caretaker.
Later career and success under Ancelotti
For the 2001–02 season, Fatih Terim was appointed as Milan's coach, but after the first 8 matches, and negative results, Costacurta's former Milan team mate Carlo Ancelotti was appointed as manager. Ancelotti guided Milan to a fourth-place finish in Serie A, which allowed them to clinch the final Champions League Qualifying Spot, and ultimately qualify for the next season's Champions League. Ancelotti also helped Milan to their best ever UEFA Cup finish that season, reaching the semi-finals. Ancelotti's arrival and several new signings would bring about a new era of European and Italian dominance for Milan, and Costacurta would form part of another excellent defence, which included players such as Maldini, Nesta, Stam and Cafu.
At the end of the season, in 2002, Costacurta's contract was expiring, and he decided to leave the club at the age of 36, following their American exhibition tour in the summer, to go and pursue a Master's in Economics in the States. Milan, however, lacked defenders in their squad due to injuries, and Adriano Galliani recalled Costacurta to renew his contract the night before the second leg of their crucial Champions League Playoff match against the Czech team Slovan Liberec. Milan qualified with difficulty, winning 1–0 in Milan, but being defeated 2–1 in the away match, progressing only on away goals. Milan finished third in Serie A that season, and Costacurta won his first ever Coppa Italia with the club, overcoming Roma in the final. Costacurta would be employed both as a centreback and as a right back during this season, under Ancelotti. Despite difficulties encountered in qualifying, Milan reached the Champions League Final that season, in the first ever all-Italian final against Serie A rivals Juventus. On 28 May 2003, Milan captured the Champions League, after defeating Juventus 3–2 on penalties following a 0–0 draw after extra time. Costacurta started the match at right back, and was substituted in the 65th minute, coming off for Roque Júnior. This was Costacurta's fourth career Champions League title.
In the following season, Milan were defeated in the Italian Supercup Final by Juventus on penalties. Milan defeated Porto 1–0 in the 2003 UEFA Super Cup Final, but lost to Boca Juniors in the 2003 Intercontinental Cup Final, on penalties. Costacurta missed the decisive penalty in the shootout. Milan, managed to capture the 2003–04 Serie A title with a record 82 points, however, with Costacurta winning his 7th league title with Milan at the age of 37 (only Giuseppe Furino and Giovanni Ferrari have done better, with 8 titles). In 2004, Costacurta was elected 50th in the UEFA Golden Jubilee online poll, which celebrated the best European footballers from the past 50 years.
Costacurta began the 2004–2005 Serie A season by winning his 5th Italian Supercup over Lazio. Milan would finish the season in second place in a closely fought title race against Juventus. Milan would also suffer a huge disappointment in the UEFA Champions League. Milan reached the 2005 final in Istanbul as heavy favourites over Liverpool. At half time, Milan were leading 3–0, but Liverpool made a second half comeback, scoring three goals to tie the match and sending it into extra time. Liverpool ended up winning the title in the resulting penalty shootout in what became known as "The Miracle of Istanbul".
Milan reached the semi-finals of the 2005–06 Champions League, only to be eliminated disappointingly by eventual champions Barcelona. Milan also finished second in Serie A behind Juventus that season, for the second consecutive season. However, both teams were found to be guilty of being involved in the 2006 Italian match-fixing scandal, and received point deductions. Juventus were relegated to Serie B, and Milan ended up finishing in third place, while the scudetto was assigned to Inter. Costacurta was set to retire from Milan at the end of the 2005–06 season, but later signed a one-year extension at the age of 40. He became the oldest footballer ever to play in the Champions League, in Milan's 1–0 loss to AEK Athens on 21 November 2006, at 40 years and 213 days, topping the previous record held by Belgian goalkeeper Dany Verlinden at 40 years and 116 days. This record was broken by Marco Ballotta, who on 11 December 2007, played a match at the age of 43 years and 253 days in Real Madrid vs Lazio.
Costacurta began his final professional season with the club at the age of 40. During the season, Costacurta won his fifth Champions League title with Milan. On 7 May 2007, at age 41, he announced his retirement, effective at the end of the 2006–07 season. He remained with the club, as a second assistant to coach Carlo Ancelotti for a short time afterwards. He made his final home start in Milan's 3–2 loss to Udinese on 19 May 2007, converting a penalty that marked his first Serie A goal since the 1991–92 season (15 years after his left-footed volley against Roma on 3 November 1991), and left the pitch near the end of the match to a standing ovation. With this goal, he became the oldest goalscorer in Serie A, at the age of 41 years and 25 days, beating the previous record held by Silvio Piola, who in Novara–Milan, on 7 February 1954, scored a goal at 40 years, six months and nine days. He also became the oldest outfield player to play in a Serie A match. The only players to have played in a match at a more senior age were goalkeepers Marco Ballotta (44 years and 38 days), Alberto Fontana (41 years and 297 days), Francesco Antonioli (41 years and 243 days) and Dino Zoff (41 years and 76 days). After the match ended, Costacurta's Milan teammates entered the pitch wearing a replica of his jersey as a tribute.
With Milan, Costacurta won the Scudetto seven times, and the European Cup/Champions League five times, in 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, and 2007, although he did not actually feature in the squad for the 1994 and 2007 finals. Costacurta also won a Coppa Italia, five Italian Supercups, four UEFA Supercups, and two Intercontinental Cups with Milan. Costacurta also managed to reach three more Champions League finals, suffering defeats against Olympique Marseille in the 1992–93 edition, Ajax in the 1994–95 edition, and Liverpool in the 2004–05 edition in Istanbul, with a total of eight finals reached and five won. He also reached two more consecutive Intercontinental Cup finals, where Milan were defeated 3–2 by São Paulo in 1993, and 2–0 by Vélez Sársfield (where Costacurta was sent off in the 85th minute) in 1994, as well as losing out on the 1993 UEFA Super Cup to fellow Italians Parma under Capello, and the 2003 Intercontinental Cup to Boca Juniors under Ancelotti. Costacurta made 662 appearances for Milan throughout his career (458 in Serie A, 78 in the Coppa Italia, 108 in European Competitions, 5 appearances in the Intercontinental Cup final, 6 in the Italian Super Cup final, and 7 in the UEFA Super Cup final). Costacurta only scored three goals in Serie A, with his first coming in a 3–1 defeat in the Milan–Inter Derby on 13 March 1990. The second came in a 4–1 over Roma at the San Siro, on 3 November, where he scored the fourth goal of the match, and his final goal was scored in a 3–2 defeat to Udinese on the final match of his career. Costacurta is the third highest appearances holder for Milan in official matches, with 662 caps; only Franco Baresi (719) and Paolo Maldini (902) have managed more appearances.
Between 1986 and 1990, Costacurta made 8 appearances with the Italian Under-21 side, participating in two European Championships in 1988, where Italy reached the quarter-finals, and in 1990, where Italy reached the semi-finals.
A mainstay in the Italian national team throughout the 1990s, Costacurta played for his country in three major tournaments: the 1994 and 1998 World Cups, as well as Euro 96. He received his first senior call-up under Azeglio Vicini on 22 December 1990, but he made his debut for the senior team on 13 November 1991, at the age of 25, in a 1–1 draw against Norway in Genoa; he later became a regular first team member under his former Milan coach Sacchi, who replaced Vicini in 1991, after Italy failed to qualify for the Euro 1992 tournament in Sweden. Costacurta scored his first goal for Italy on 4 June 1992, from a penalty, in a 2–0 against Ireland during Italy's U.S. Cup run, where they finished in second place to the host nation in the friendly tournament.
Costacurta was a starting member in Italy's defensive line at the 1994 World Cup; he helped Italy reach the final, putting in strong defensive performances alongside Milan team mate Paolo Maldini, in particular following fellow Milan centreback Baresi's injury, and fellow Milan rightback Tassotti's suspension. He notably helped a ten-man Italy to keep a clean sheet in their second group match against Norway. However, after missing out on the 1994 Champions League final through suspension, he also missed the 1994 World Cup final loss on penalties to Brazil, again due to suspension, after picking up a yellow card in the semi-final match against Bulgaria. Costacurta started in Euro 1996 for Italy, as they were eliminated in the first round, in a group with the two eventual finalists, the Czech Republic and Germany.
Costacurta was once again a key member of Italy's defence in the 1998 World Cup under manager Cesare Maldini, starting in all five of Italy's matches, and helping the team to keep three clean sheets. Italy were eliminated in the quarter-final to hosts and eventual champions France, on penalties once again, after a 0–0 draw following extra time. Despite Zoff's intention to use him in the Italy squad for the Euro 2000 qualifying campaign, Costacurta retired from international duty in 1998, with 59 caps and two goals, after Italy's elimination from the World Cup.
Style of play
Costacurta is regarded by many pundits, managers and players as one of the greatest defenders in history; he formed some of the most formidable defensive units of all time during his extensive career at Milan, alongside defenders such as Paolo Maldini, Franco Baresi, Mauro Tassotti, Filippo Galli, Christian Panucci, Alessandro Nesta, Cafu and Jaap Stam. Costacurta was a tactically versatile defender, who excelled anywhere along the backline, which allowed him to have a long and highly successful career, both at club level and with the national side, winning many trophies. Although he was primarily played as a centre-back alongside Baresi throughout his career, he also occasionally played as a sweeper, as a full-back, and even as a defensive midfielder.
Costacurta was a complete, hard-working, and experienced defender, who was also gifted with good distribution skills, as well as a solid technique and first touch, despite not being the most skilful player, which enabled him to start attacking plays from the back-line. He was a tenacious defender, who was known for his tactical intelligence, timing, and strong tackling ability; he was also quick, effective in the air, and had an outstanding ability to read the game and anticipate plays, despite his lack of notable pace, physical or athletic attributes. He was an extremely precise and attentive footballer, who excelled both at man marking as well as in a zonal marking system, due to his excellent positional and organisational sense, communication, and his ability to play the offside trap effectively. He also stood out for his class, leadership, and professionalism on the pitch, as well as his longevity throughout his career. In July 2014, compatriot and 2006 Ballon d'Or winner Fabio Cannavaro described Costacurta as the best defender with whom he had ever played.
After his retirement, in the 2007–08 season Costacurta was a member of Carlo Ancelotti's coaching staff as a technical assistant, while earning his own coaching badges. At the end of the season, he successfully earned his badges and various Italian media reported that he was pursuing a managerial role of his own. However he refused a position at Pisa offered by new club owner Luca Pomponi immediately after the completion of his takeover of the club, citing his need to remain at Milan in order to stay at home and take care of his son, while his wife was on tour with the theater.
On 27 October 2008, Costacurta was unveiled as new coach of Serie B promotion candidates Mantova, then 13th in the table, following the dismissal of previous boss Giuseppe Brucato. However his time at Mantova proved to be unsuccessful, as he failed to improve Mantova's results and ultimately leading him to tend his resignation from the coaching post following a 1–0 loss to Vicenza that left his club only four points above the relegation zone.
Costacurta is known for his vocal criticism of homophobia and discrimination against women; in a 2012 interview with Italian newspaper Il Corriere della Sera, he stated that footballers should be allowed to be open about their sexuality.
Along with Roberto Baggio, he is referenced in the Father Ted episode, "Grant Unto Him Eternal Rest", by Father Dougal McGuire (portrayed by Ardal O'Hanlon), who, when prompted to say the last rites in Latin, ends up saying the footballer's names. (This stems from Graham Linehan and O'Hanlon being fans of Football Italia).
|Total for Milan||458||3||78||0||116||0||11||0||663||3|
*European competitions include the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Cup, and UEFA Super Cup
|Italy national team|
- As of 4 March 2013
|Mantova||27 October 2008||9 February 2009||13||4||4||5||30.77||15||19||–4|
- Milan (1986–2007)
- Serie A (7): 1987–88, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1998–99, 2003–04
- Coppa Italia (1): 2002–03
- Supercoppa Italiana (5): 1988, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2004
- European Cup/UEFA Champions League (5): 1988–89, 1989–90, 1993–94, 2002–03, 2006–07
- European Super Cup/UEFA Super Cup (4): 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003
- Intercontinental Cup (2): 1989, 1990
- Premio Nazionale Carriera Esemplare "Gaetano Scirea": 2000
- UEFA Golden Jubilee Poll: #50
- A.C. Milan Hall of Fame
- "Addio al calcio giocato di Billy Costacurta" (in Italian). Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Tanti auguri a Billy Costacurta, uno dei fondatori della patria". Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Milan sconfitto dall'Udinese Costacurta lascia con un gol" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 19 May 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Costacurta "donna" per un giorno "Gay? L'outing di un campione aiuterebbe"" (in Italian). Il Corriere della Sera. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "Alessandro COSTACURTA ("Billy")". magliarossonera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- James Horncastle (21 March 2016). "Gianluigi Buffon record cements his legacy as greatest keeper of all-time". ESPN FC. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- Paolo Bandini (21 March 2016). "Gianluigi Buffon humble as clean sheet record tumbles, but delight not universal". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- Rob Smyth (8 May 2009). "The Joy of Six: Great defences". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
- "Nazionale: 2013, addio al catenaccio. Balotelli-Rossi coppia mondiale" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
- Foot, John (2006). Winning at All Costs: A Scandalous History of Italian Soccer. New York: Nation Books. p. 228.
- Mattia Fontana (19 August 2014). "La storia della tattica: da Sacchi a Guardiola" (in Italian). Eurosport. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- Corrado Sannucci. "MILAN 1988-1994: 6 ANNI DA CAMPIONI" (in Italian). Storie di Calcio. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- Jonathan Terreni (19 June 2012). "Speciale squadre nella leggenda, Milan '93-'94 vs Inter '09-'10" (in Italian). Calciomercato.it. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "AC Milan Hall of Fame: Alessandro Costacurta". acmilan.com. A.C. Milan. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Alessandro Costacurta: Biografia". Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "L'estate da disoccupato di Billy Costacurta". Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Al Milan anche la Coppa Italia". La Repubblica. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "UEFA Awards". rsssf.com. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "UEFA Champions League Records and Statistics" (PDF). Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Silvio Piola, il più bomber di tutti". Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "Nazionale in cifre: Alessandro Costacurta". figc.it (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Gianni Mura (18 July 1994). "Sconfitti, a testa alta". storiedicalcio.altervista.org (in Italian). La Repubblica. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Giancarlo Padovan (24 June 1994). "L'Italia forza 10 si scatena". storiedicalcio.altervista.org (in Italian). Il Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Giancarlo Padovan (14 July 1994). "Roby Baggio ci porta in Paradiso". storiedicalcio.altervista.org (in Italian). Il Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "La Storia dei Campionati Europei di Calcio - 1996: GERMANIA". storiedicalcio.altervista.org (in Italian). Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Lodovico Maradei (4 July 1998). "Francia avanti, ancora rigori stregati". storiedicalcio.altervista.org (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Bachini e Giannichedda le sorprese di Zoff". 23 July 2014.
- Alberto Costa. "COSTACURTA, Alessandro" (in Italian). Treccani: Enciclopedia dello Sport (2002). Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- "The top 20 most under-rated footballers of all time". The Telegraph. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- Enrico Currò (24 May 1998). "Bergomi e il calcio antico Ma il libero serve sempre" (in Italian). La Repubblica. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- "Milan Legends: "Billy" Costacurta". Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "I CONSIGLI DI BARESI ' BAGGIO REAGISCI'" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 27 June 1994. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- "Cannavaro su Costacurta: 'Il migliore con cui abbia giocato'" (in Italian). Calcio Mercato. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Dream Teams: AC Milan - Defender: Alessandro Costacurta". The Independent. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Costacurta dice no, il Pisa torna su Ventura" (in Italian). Il Tirreno. 15 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
- "Costacurta takes over Mantova reins". RTÉ. 27 October 2008. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
- "COMUNICATO STAMPA: Costacurta si è dimesso" (in Italian). AC Mantova. 9 February 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- Sibor, Doug (3 January 2013). "25. Martina Colombari". Complex.com. Archived from the original on 28 July 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- Linehan, Graham; Mathews, Arthur. Father Ted DVD Commentaries (Podcast). United Kingdom: Channel 4. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Alessandro Costacurta at National-Football-Teams.com
- "Premio Nazionale Carriera Esemplare "Gaetano Scirea": Alba d'Oro". Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Zinedine Zidane voted top player by fans" (PDF). uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Profile at ACMilan.com
- European Champions Cup/UEFA Champions League Winning Squads
- View from America - BBC Sport, 8/3/04
- Costacurta to assist Ancelotti on Milan bench - sports.filbalad.com, 5/7/07
- Costacurta signs off at San Siro - UEFA.com, 5/20/07