Alba Roballo (Isla Cabellos, Artigas Department, 1910 – Montevideo, 3 September 1996), was a Uruguayan lawyer, politician and poet. Her identity as an Afro-Uruguayan earned her the nickname La Negra Roballo.
Born in the northern corner of the country, she studied and graduated as a lawyer from the University of the Republic.
In 1971 she left the Colorado Party and helped to form the new leftist party Frente Amplio, though "she stayed a Batllist" all her life.
She married Walter Previtali with whom she had a son, Sergio Previtali. Her son joined her in the Frente Amplio as a founding member.
- Alba Roballo: Pregón por el nuevo tiempo (Guillermo Chifflet. Tupac Amaru Ediciones. 1992)
- Uruguayan ministers
- George Reid Andrews (18 October 2010). Blackness in the White Nation: A History of Afro-Uruguay. Univ of North Carolina Press. pp. 164–. ISBN 978-0-8078-9960-1.
- Rubens Arizmendi (26 June 2008). ""Wherever I go I will stay a Batllist" (page 3)" (PDF). Opinar (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- Minister of Education and Social Welfare Alba Roballo
- "Hundred years of Alba Roballo". LR21 (in Spanish). 6 August 2008. Retrieved 14 March 2012.