Al-Ubaid (tribe)

This article is about the Arabic tribe. For the archaeological site, see Ubaid period.

Al-Ubaid is one of the Arab tribes in Iraq settled around Kirkuk. The tribe migrated from the Baghdad area to the area of Hawija and Khabour early in the 18th century.[1] The tribe has been contracted by the Iraqi state-owned North Oil Company to protect the oil pipelines from the Kirkuk fields to the Turkish oil terminal of Ceyhan.[2]


  1. Isam al- Khafaji. 2004. Tormented Births: Passages to Modernity in Europe and the Middle East. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-976-9. P. 27. Found at
  2. Samah Samad. 2005. "Tribes Accused of Iraq Oil Protection Racket". Environment News Service. June 10, 2005. Found at .

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