The Afrobarometer is a research project that measures public attitudes on economic, political, and social matters in sub-Saharan Africa.[1][2] It is carried out through a partnership of the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation (IJR) in South Africa, the Ghana Center for Democratic Development (CDD Ghana),[3] Institute for Empirical Research in Political Economy (IREEP) in Benin,[4] Institute for Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Nairobi,[5] the Democracy in Africa Research Unit in the Centre for Social Science Research at the University of Cape Town[6] and the Department of Political Science at Michigan State University.[7][8]

Afrobarometer is a pan-African an independent, non-partisan research project that measures the social, political, and economic atmosphere through public attitude surveys. Afrobarometer surveys are conducted in more than 30 African countries and are repeated on a regular cycle. The Afrobarometer is carried on in Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.[9]

Afrobarometer achieves this measurement through a series of face-to-face interviews with a random sample of either 1,200 or 2,400 people in each country.[10] Because the instrument asks a standard set of questions, countries can be systematically compared. Trends in public attitudes are tracked over time. Results are shared with decision makers, policy advocates, civic educators, journalists, researchers, donors and investors, as well as average Africans who wish to become more informed and active citizens.[11] As of October 19, 2006, Afrobarometer data and publications had been cited 216 times.[12]

The project has conducted five main rounds of surveys, covering a total of 22 African countries, as well as a number of individual surveys.[13]

Afrobarometer was founded by Professor Robert Mattes of the University of Cape Town, Professor Michael Bratton of Michigan State University and Professor Emanuel Gyimah-Boadi of the University of Ghana. Mattes is now director of the Democracy in Africa Unit and senior advisor at Afrobarometer, Bratton is a former director of Afrobarometer and now senior advisor and Gyimah-Boadi is the current executive director of Afrobarometer [14]

The Afrobarometer currently covers twenty one survey topics: Conflict and crime, Democracy, Elections, Gender Equality, Governance, Identity, Macroeconomics and Markets, Political Participation, Poverty, Public Services, Social Capital, Tolerance, Access to Justice, Citizenship, China, Energy Supply, and Pan-Africanism/Regionalism.[15]

See also


  1. Bratton, Michael; Robert Brattes (2004). "What 'The People' Say About Reforms". In E. Gyimah-Boadi. Democratic Reform in Africa: The Quality of Progress. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-58826-246-2. Retrieved 2007-05-10. ... a large-scale, cross-national survey research project (the Afrobarometer) which is designed to systematically map mass attitudes toward democracy, markets, and civil society ...
  2. Bratton, Michael; Robert Mattes; E. Gyimah-Boadi (2004). Public Opinion, Democracy, and Market Reform in Africa. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-521-60291-4. Retrieved 2007-05-10. The Afrobarometer is a comparative series of national mass attitude surveys on democracy, markets, and civil society.
  3. "Ghana Center for Democratic Development". Retrieved 31 March 2011.
  7. Lewis, Peter M.; Michael Bratton (2004). "Nigeria: Understanding Attitudes Toward Democracy and Markets". In Lucie Colvin Phillips and Diery Seck. Fixing African Economies: Policy Research for Development. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 93. ISBN 1-58826-148-4. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
  8. Bratton, Michael; Robert Mattes (2004). "Support for Economic Reform? Popular Attitudes in South Africa". In Mats Lundahl. Globalization and the Southern African Economies. Sweden: Elanders Infologistics Väst. p. 88. ISBN 978-91-7106-532-2. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
  9. "Countries | Afrobarometer". Retrieved 2016-10-17.
  10. "Surveys and methods | Afrobarometer". Retrieved 2016-10-18.
  11. {{url=}}
  12. Michigan State University (2006-12-07). "Bibliography of Scholarly & Scientific Citations to the Afrobarometer" (PDF). Afrobarometer. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
  13. "Afrobarometer Surveys". Afrobarometer. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-08. Retrieved 2015-03-30.
  15. "Survey topics | Afrobarometer". Retrieved 2016-10-17.

External links

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