Aedh mac Felim Ó Conchobair
|Aedh Ó Conchobair|
|King of Connacht|
|Reign||June 1265 – 3 May 1274|
|Predecessor||Felim Ua Conchobair|
|Successor||Aedh Muimhnech Ó Conchobair|
3 May 1274|
|Burial||Monastery of the Preaching Friars, Roscommon|
|House||Ó Conchubhair Donn|
|Father||Felim Ua Conchobair, King of Connacht|
Aedh mac Felim Ua Conchobair, also known as Aodh na nGall, was King of Connacht from 1265 to his death on 3 May 1274. He is credited with turning the tide on English expansion into Connacht.
Aedh succeeded his father Felim as King of Connacht after his fathers death in 1265. Unlike his father, Aedh did not favor cultivating diplomatic ties with the Normans. Even during his father's reign he led raids into Norman settlements and towns. When he became king, these raids continued.
In 1259, Aedh married a daughter of Dubhghall mac Ruaidhrí, King of Argyll and the Isles, whose tocher included 160 gallowglass warriors, commanded by Dubhghall's younger brother Ailéan.
Battle of Áth-an-Chip
Main Article: Battle of Áth an Chip
In 1269 Robert d'Ufford, the new justiciar in Ireland, began building a castle in Roscommon. His deputy led an army across the Shannon River, joining with their ally Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster. They held negotiations with Aedh which proved to be unsuccessful. They retreated, with Aedh's army harassing them along the way. When de Burgh attempted to forde the Shannon at Áth-an-Chip Aedh's army caught up with them and decimated them. Aedh followed up with more raids and destroyed the castle at Roscommon.
Aedh died on 3 May 1274. There is no mention of Aedh's sons in the annals and he was succeeded by his brother Aedh Muimhnech as king. After Aedh's death the Kingdom of Connacht became embroiled in Civil War. Between 1274 and 1315 there were thirteen Kings of Connacht; nine of these kings were killed by a brother or cousin and two were deposed. This left Connacht weak and unable to resist the Norman invasion.
- Cosgrove, edited by Art (2008). A new history of Ireland. (1. publ. in paperb. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 249. ISBN 9780199539703.
- Duffy 2007 p. 1.
- Annals of Ulster at at University College Cork
- Annals of the Four Masters at at University College Cork
- Byrne, Francis John (2001), Irish Kings and High-Kings, Dublin: Four Courts Press, ISBN 978-1-85182-196-9
- Chronicum Scotorum at at University College Cork
- Duffy, S (2007). "The Prehistory of the Galloglass". In Duffy, S. The World of the Galloglass: Kings, Warlords and Warriors in Ireland and Scotland, 1200–1600. Dublin: Four Courts Press. pp. 1–23. ISBN 978-1-85182-946-0 – via Google Books.
- Gaelic and Gaelised Ireland, Kenneth Nicols, 1972.
- The Second Battle of Athenry, Adrian James Martyn, East Galway News & Views, 2008–2009
Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair
|King of Connacht
| Succeeded by|
Aedh Muimhnech mac Felim Ua Conchobair