Civitas Tropaensium Roman castra
Location of Adamclisi
|Coordinates: 44°4′45″N 27°57′15″E / 44.07917°N 27.95417°ECoordinates: 44°4′45″N 27°57′15″E / 44.07917°N 27.95417°E|
|Component villages||Adamclisi, Abrud, Haţeg, Urluia, Zorile|
|• Mayor||Dorina Cicilia Şerbănescu (National Liberal Party)|
|• Total||135.73 km2 (52.41 sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Colonized with Roman veterans of the Dacian Wars, the city was the largest Roman city of Scythia Minor and became a municipium in the year 170. Destroyed by the Goths, it was rebuilt during the rule of Constantine the Great with better defensive walls, which defended the city successfully until the Avars sacked it in 587. After that moment, it ceased to be among the important cities of Dobrogea and was no longer mentioned for seven hundred years.
During the Ottoman rule, the village was re-founded by Turkish settlers. After Dobruja was awarded to Romania, in 1878, the Muslim population left for Turkey, leaving the village deserted. However, in 1880 – 1881, the village was re-settled with Romanians from Transylvania and Teleorman.
The current name has a Turkish origin and it is an adaptation in Romanian of "Adam Kilisse" which means "the church of man" (when the Turkish people settled in this area, they thought the Ancient Roman monument was a church).
Villages in the Adamclisi commune:
- Adamclisi (historical name: Turkish: Adam Kilisesi)
- Abrud (historical name: Mulciova) - named after Abrud, Alba County
- Haţeg (historical name: Arabagi, Turkish: Arabacı) - named after Haţeg, Hunedoara County
- Urluia (historical name: Urluchioi, Turkish: Uğurluköy)
- Zorile (historical name: Cherimcuius, Turkish: Kerimkuyusu)
The territory of the commune also includes the former village of Cucuruz (historical name: Iusuf Punar), located at 44°7′28″N 27°55′51″E / 44.12444°N 27.93083°E, nominally merged with Urluia by the 1968 administrative reform.
At the 2011 census, Adamclisi had 2,092 Romanians (97.30%), 42 Turks (1.95%), 8 others (0.37%), 8 with undeclared ethnicity (0.37%).
- "Constanta County at the 2011 census" (PDF) (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
- (Romanian) Ion (Jean) Dinu: A Major Personality of the Adamclisi Area, accessed on May 13, 2012
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