Yauch in 2007
|Birth name||Adam Nathaniel Yauch|
|Also known as||MCA, Nathanial Hörnblowér, Bloach, Abednego, Gary|
August 5, 1964|
Brooklyn, New York City, United States
May 4, 2012 47) (aged|
New York City, US
|Genres||Hip hop, rap rock, hardcore punk, alternative hip hop, rock opera|
|Occupation(s)||Rapper, musician, songwriter, director, film distributor|
|Instruments||Vocals, bass guitar, keyboard|
|Labels||Def Jam, Grand Royal, Capitol|
|Associated acts||Beastie Boys|
Adam Nathaniel Yauch (pronounced //; August 5, 1964 – May 4, 2012) was an American rapper, musician, film director, and human rights activist. He was best known as a founding member of the hip hop group Beastie Boys. He was frequently known by his stage name, MCA, and sometimes worked under the pseudonym Nathanial Hörnblowér.
Yauch founded Oscilloscope Laboratories, an independent film production and distribution company based in New York City. As a Buddhist, he was involved in the Tibetan independence movement and organized the Tibetan Freedom Concert.
Born in Brooklyn, New York City, Yauch was the only child of a social worker and a painter and architect. Yauch had a non-religious upbringing. His father had been raised a Catholic and his mother was Jewish.
Yauch attended Edward R. Murrow High School in Brooklyn's Midwood neighborhood. In high school, he taught himself to play the bass guitar. Yauch formed the Beastie Boys with John Berry, Kate Schellenbach, and Michael Diamond. They played their first show—while still a hardcore punk band in the vein of Reagan Youth—on his 17th birthday. He attended Bard College for two years before dropping out.
The Beastie Boys, a hip hop trio, released their first album Licensed to Ill on Def Jam Records when Yauch was 22. Yauch directed many of the Beastie Boys' music videos, often under the pseudonym Nathanial Hörnblowér.
In 2002, Yauch constructed a recording studio in New York City called Oscilloscope Laboratories. He began an independent film distributing company called Oscilloscope Pictures. Yauch directed the 2006 Beastie Boys concert film, Awesome; I Fuckin' Shot That!, although in the DVD extras for the film, the title character in "A Day in the Life of Nathanial Hörnblowér" is played by David Cross. He also directed the 2008 film Gunnin' For That #1 Spot about eight high school basketball prospects at the Boost Mobile Elite 24 Hoops Classic at Rucker Park in Harlem, New York City. Yauch produced Build a Nation, the comeback album from hardcore/punk band Bad Brains. In addition, Oscilloscope Laboratories also distributed Kelly Reichardt's Wendy and Lucy (2008) and Oren Moverman’s The Messenger (2009).
The Beastie Boys had sold 40 million records worldwide by 2010. In April 2012, the group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Yauch was inducted in absentia due to his illness. His bandmates paid tribute to Yauch; a letter from Yauch was read to the crowd.
In 2011, Yauch received the Charles Flint Kellogg Award in Arts and Letters from Bard College, the college he attended for two years. The award is "given in recognition of a significant contribution to the American artistic or literary heritage."
Yauch was a practicing Buddhist. He became an important voice in the Tibetan independence movement. He created the Milarepa Fund, a non-profit organization devoted to Tibetan independence, and organized several benefit concerts to support the cause, including the Tibetan Freedom Concert.
Yauch was also a strong supporter of feminism apologizing for early lyrics which he retroactively deemed offensive. Yauch's verse in the song "Sure Shot" includes the lyrics "I want to say a little something that’s long overdue/ The disrespect to women has got to be through/ To all the mothers and sisters and wives and friends/ I want to offer my love and respect to the end."
In 1998, during the MTV Video Music Awards, when receiving the Video Vanguard Award, Yauch took the opportunity to make a statement about America's wars against Muslim countries and prejudice against Muslims and Arabs; this was before the term Islamophobia was in wide circulation. Artist Cihan Kaan wrote an obituary in Al Jazeera that Yauch was "Muslim Americans' hero, and America's personal Jewish Gandhi", judging his plea to be greater for intercultural healing than the music of later anti-war rappers whose lyrics included anti-Americanism and conspiracy theories.
Illness and death
In 2009, Yauch was diagnosed and unsuccessfully treated for a cancerous parotid gland and a lymph node. He underwent surgery and radiation therapy, delaying the release of Hot Sauce Committee Part Two and the subsequent tour. He was unable to appear in music videos for the album. Yauch became a vegan under the recommendation of his Tibetan doctors. At the time, Yauch described the cancer as "very treatable".
Upon his death, fellow musicians and artists paid tribute:
- Russell Simmons of Def Jam Records said that Yauch "was incredibly sweet and the most sensitive artist, who I loved dearly."
- Ben Stiller tweeted that Yauch "stood for integrity as an artist."
- Jeff Ament of Pearl Jam said that Yauch was "a crazy talent whose contributions with his band were inspirational and consistently ground breaking".
- Radiohead frontman Thom Yorke wrote, "We looked up to the Beastie Boys a lot when we were starting out and how they maintained artistic control making wicked records but still were on a major label, and the Tibetan Freedom Concerts they organized had a very big influence on me personally and the way Adam conducted himself and dealt with it all impressed me a lot. He was a mellow and [very] smart guy. May he rest in peace."
- Eminem said in an interview, "Adam Yauch brought a lot of positivity into the world and I think it's obvious to anyone how big of an influence the Beastie Boys were on me and so many others."
- Billy Talent dedicated the song "Line And Sinker" to him during their televised time slot at Reading Festival in 2012.
- Linkin Park inserted a verse of the Beastie Boys' "Sabotage" into the bridge of "Bleed It Out" while touring during Summer through their KROQ Almost Acoustic Christmas show in 2012 in tribute to Yauch.
- Vernian Process performed "Sabotage" on stage in 2012 as a tribute to Yauch's multi-genre influence and legacy.
- Madonna reacted to the news "The Beastie Boys were one of a kind! And so was Adam! They were all an important part of my musical history and integral to the musical revolution that was happening at the time."
- Coldplay performed a cover of "Fight For Your Right" during a concert at the Hollywood Bowl in tribute of Adam Yauch on May 4, 2012, the same day Yauch died.
- Phish dedicated their cover of "Sabotage" to Yauch during a concert at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center on July 7, 2012.
Beastie Boys rapper Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz posted a note on the Beastie Boys' Tumblr page about the death of Yauch, acknowledging the pain of losing Yauch as well as the admiration for Yauch.
In his last will and testament, Adam Yauch left instructions that his music could not be used in advertising, though some legal experts said that it may not be valid.
- "Beastie Boys Co-Founder Adam Yauch Dead at 47". Rolling Stone. May 4, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- Goldberg, Eleanor (May 4, 2012). "Adam Yauch Of Beastie Boys Remembered For Tibetan Activism, Freedom Concerts". The Huffington Post.
- "Adam Yauch Dies at 47; Beastie Boy Became Advocate for Tibet", The Washington Post, May 4, 2012, retrieved May 6, 2012
- Anthony DeCurtis (May 28, 1998). "Adam Yauch on His Spiritual Journey: 'I Don't Care If Somebody Makes Fun of Me' |". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- O'Malley Greenburg, Zack (May 4, 2012). "Adam 'MCA' Yauch And The Beastie Boys: Hip-Hop Pioneers". Forbes. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- A. Greenberg, Brad (May 4, 2012). "Beastie Boys' Adam Yauch, Jewish legend and hip-hop pioneer, has died". Jewish Journal. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- Gray, Madison (May 4, 2012). "Adam Yauch, MCA of the Beastie Boys, Dies After Cancer Complications". Time.com. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- "Beastie Boys' Adam Yauch dies at age 47". USAToday.com. May 4, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Coyle, Jake (May 2, 2008). "Adam Yauch of the Beastie Boys dies at 47". Boston.com. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- "Nathanial Hornblower bio". oscilloscope.net.
- Ryzik, Melena (September 8, 2008). "Offstage, a Beastie Boy Enters the World of Independent Film". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- Rafer Guzman. "Beastie Boys rapper Adam Yauch dead at 47". Newsday.com. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- "Yauch misses Hall of Fame ceremony". London Free Press. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- "Academics – Bard College Catalogue". Bard College. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- Van Biema, David; McDowell, Jeanne (October 13, 1997). "Buddhism in America". Time Magazine.
- "FRONTLINE:Online Interview with Adam Yauch". Frontline.
- "Tibet supporter Yauch of Beastie Boys fights with cancer". www.phayul.com. July 21, 2009. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- Seltzer, Sarah (May 4, 2012). "Adam Yauch, Feminist Ally - Sisterhood". The Forward. Retrieved 2015-11-10.
- Tibet Sun: "The union between Adam Yauch and Dechen Wangdu: a look back" from the International Business Times May 5, 2012
- Kaan, Cihan (9 May 2012). "Adam Yauch was a Muslim hero". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- Thomson, Katherine (July 20, 2009). "Beastie Boy Adam Yauch has 'very treatable.' cancer". Huffington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Yauch Announcement on YouTube
- "Beastie Boy 'hopeful' over cancer". BBC News. October 8, 2009.
- "The Associated Press: Adam Yauch of the Beastie Boys dies at 47". Google.com. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- "R.I.P. Adam Yauch of the Beastie Boys". Pitchfork Media.
- Greg Kot (May 4, 2012). "Adam Yauch dead at 47; Beastie Boys MCA Yauch dead". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "MCA RIP". Pearl Jam. May 4, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- "Dot Connectors". Radiohead. May 5, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Vena, Jocelyn (May 4, 2012). "Eminem Pays Tribute To Adam Yauch's 'Influence'". MTV. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
- Kaufman, Gil (May 7, 2012). "Beastie Boys' Ad-Rock Pays Tribute To Adam Yauch". MTV. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- Goffe, Wendy (August 13, 2012). "Yauch's Will, Banning Use Of Music In Ads, May Not Be Valid". Forbes. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- "Brooklyn playground named after Beastie Boys' Adam Yauch NME May 1, 2013". Nme.com. 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adam Yauch.|
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Adam Yauch on Charlie Rose
- MCA at the Internet Movie Database
- Works by or about Adam Yauch in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Village Voice Slideshow Dedication of Adam Yauch Park
- Interview in Shambhala Sun
- Audio interview on the.LIFE Files
- Interview on "Gunnin' For That #1 Spot" at IFC, June 2008