In computer programming, suppose we have a data item A whose value depends on data item B, i.e., the value of A must be changed after the value of B changes and before the value of A becomes necessary. Active updating is updating A immediately after B changes, while passive updating or lazy updating (lazy evaluation) is updating A immediately before its value is fetched. And example of this distinction is, e.g., in the implementation of GUI applications: the list of submenu items may depend on the state of the application; this list may be updated either as soon as the state of the application changes ("active") or only when the menu is invoked ("passive").
Another example is update a visual display as soon as the underlying data change as opposed to clicking the "redraw" button. In this situation active update may create a problem to deal with: an abrupt change of some part of the display may coincide in time with the saccadic movement of the eye, and the change may go unnoticed by a human observer.
Direct updating vs. deferred updating in transaction processing.
- Active Scripting Newsletter - Issue #58 - November 2004, Dr. Dobb's
- in: Human Aspects of Visualization: Second IFIP WG 13.7 Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Visualization, HCIV (INTERACT) 2009, Uppsala, Sweden, August 24, 2009, p. 49