Location in Libya
|Coordinates: 32°03′10″N 23°41′56″E / 32.05278°N 23.69889°ECoordinates: 32°03′10″N 23°41′56″E / 32.05278°N 23.69889°E|
|Elevation||143 m (469 ft)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
On April 17, 1917, the Acroma pact, was signed by the Italian government (as occupying, colonial power) and Mohammed Idris (head of Senussi). The pact was an ambiguous ceasefire recognizing a de facto authority for Idris in Cyrenaica, while not excluding the overall Italian territorial sovereignty.
World War II
During the North African Campaign of World War II, the area was the scene of heavy fighting on several separate occasions. Acroma was captured from Axis forces on December 10, 1941 by the Polish Independent Carpathian Rifle Brigade.
Later, an intersection of two Bedouin paths 19 kilometres (12 mi) south of Acroma, assumed strategic importance, and became known by the Allied codename Knightsbridge. The area was the focus of the Battle of Knightsbridge, during June 1942.
Following the war's end, Knightsbridge War Cemetery, containing Allied war dead, was built 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) north of Acroma, near the main road linking Tobruk and Gazala.
- "Acroma, Libya. 1941-25. British Tanks of the 4th Brigade, 7th Armoured Division, Advancing Towards Enemy Positions in the Desert", photograph Australian War Memorial Collection #022438
- Satellite map at Maplandia.com
- Search for Acroma in the MSN Encarta atlas
- Australian War Graves Photographic Archive: Libya