Shown within Romania
|Location||Enoșești, Olt County, Romania|
|Coordinates||44°22′31″N 24°16′39″E / 44.375411°N 24.277634°ECoordinates: 44°22′31″N 24°16′39″E / 44.375411°N 24.277634°E|
|Altitude||127 m (417 ft)|
Acidava (Acidaua) was a Dacian and later Roman fortress on the Olt river near the lower Danube. The settlements remains are located in today's Enoşeşti, Olt County, Romania.
After the Roman conquest of Dacia by Roman Emperor Trajan, Acidava became a civilian and military center, with castra being built in the area. Acidava was part of the Limes Alutanus, a line of fortifications built under emperor Hadrian running north-south along the Alutus - the Olt river. The function of the limes was to monitor the Roxolani to the east and deter any possible attacks.
Acidava is depicted in the Tabula Peutingeriana between Romula and Rusidava. The same document depicts a second Acidava, between Cedoniae and Apula, but some authors believe it is actually a copy error and the correct name is Sacidava, another Dacian town.
- Grumeza, Ion (2009). Dacia: Land of Transylvania, Cornerstone of Ancient Eastern Europe. Hamilton Books. ISBN 0-7618-4465-1.
The shores of the Danube were well monitored from the Dacian fortresses Acidava, Buricodava, Dausadava (the shrine of the wolves), Diacum, Drobeta (Turnu Severin), Nentivava (Oltenita), Suvidava (Corabia), Tsirista, Tierna/Dierna (Orsova) and what is today Zimnicea. Downstream were also other fortresses: Axiopolis (Cernadova), Barbosi, Buteridava, Capidava(Topalu), Carsium(Harsova), Durostorum(Silistra), Sacidava/Sagadava (Dunareni) along with still others...
- Blejan, Adrian (1998). Dacia Felix - Istoria Daciei Romane (PDF) (in Romanian). Retrieved 2010-12-08.
- Vinereanu, Mihai (2002). Originea geto-dacă a limbii române (in Romanian). Chisinau: Pontos.
- Olteanu, Sorin. "Linguae Thraco-Daco-Moesorum - Toponyms Section". Linguae Thraco-Daco-Moesorum (in Romanian). Retrieved 8 December 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dacia and Dacians.|
- Archaeological sites around Enoşeşti on the Mapserver for Romanian National Cultural Heritage
- Many items recovered from Acidava are available at the Olt County Museum, Romania
- Acidava in the Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites
- Acidava in the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854)
- Sorin Olteanu's Project: Linguae Thraco-Daco-Moesorum - Toponyms Section
- A street in Bucharest, having the ancient city name: Strada Acidava