Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili
|Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili|
|Chief Justice of Iran|
28 June 1981 – 30 June 1989
|Appointed by||Ruhollah Khomeini|
|Preceded by||Mohammad Beheshti|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Yazdi|
|Attorney-General of Iran|
1 June 1980 – 28 June 1981
|Appointed by||Mohammad Beheshti|
|Preceded by||Mohammad Mehdi Amlashi|
|Succeeded by||Hossein Mousavi Tabrizi|
|Member of the Assembly of Experts|
15 August 1983 – 1 December 1991
28 January 1926|
23 November 2016 90) (aged|
|Political party||Assembly of Qom Seminary Scholars and Researchers|
|Islamic Republican Party|
|Alma mater||Qom Seminary|
Early life and education
He was born on 28 January 1926 in Ardabil. His father, Mir-Abdul Rahim was a cleric and his mother died when he was a child. His father sent him to Mula-Ebrahim School in 1940. He went to Qom for higher education in 1943 and was there until 1946. His teachers were Grand Ayatollah Kazem Haeeri and Mohammad-Reza Golpayegani. He traveled to Najaf in 1946 for cleric studies and studied Islam and religion. He was in Najaf until 1948 when his father died and he returned to Iran. He had also established Mofid University in 1989 and was its president until his death.
Ardebili was a supporter of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and was a friend of his. He made speechs in support of Khomeini in the 1970s. After the Iranian Revolution, he became a founding member of the Islamic Republican party that was founded in 1979. Khomeini appointed him as chief of justice in 1981 after the impeachment of President Abulhassan Banisadr. As chief justice, he served as member of the temporary council of the Presidency, along with the Prime Minister and Speaker, carrying out the duties of the president for up to two months. In this position he was also acting President of Iran after the impeachment of Banisadr. When Khomeini died in 1989, Ardebili resigned as chief of justice and returned to Qom. He was a supporter of Green Movement. On 21 November 2016, Ardebili was taken to hospital with chest pain and went into a coma. He died on 23 November 2016 at the age of 90.
Ardebili married twice. He had 10 children, 6 sons and 4 daughters.
- Asayesh, Hossein; Adlina Ab. Halim; Jayum A. Jawan; Seyedeh Nosrat Shojaei (March 2011). "Political Party in Islamic Republic of Iran: A Review". Journal of Politics and Law. 4 (1). Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- Ramazani, Rouhollah K. (Spring 1980). "Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran". Middle East Journal. Middle East Institute. 34 (2): 181–204. JSTOR 4326018.
|Head of Judiciary System of Iran
| Succeeded by|