|Genres||hip hop, reggae|
2009 - ...
Luca "'O Zulù" Persico|
Marco "Kaya Pezz8" Messina
Massimo "JRM" Jovine
Claudio "Clark Kent" Marino
99 Posse is an Italian hip hop/reggae group from Naples. It raps both in Italian and in the local Naples dialect. Most of 99 Posse's songs deal with political or social issues, and the group members are considered left-wing hardliners. As a showing of their activism, all of the group's albums have been released with a prezzo politico ("political price"): each CD displays a sticker saying "Don't pay more than...". For 99 Posse, this means "putting into practice a specific understanding about their relationship with the market, a sort of ideal practice." The group has gained popularity in Italy through its songs and its voicing of progressive political causes.
Its first album, Curre Curre Guagliò (1993), was mainly influenced by reggae and world music. Subsequent albums, Cerco Tiempo (1996) and Corto Circuito (1998), included new styles like drum 'n bass and trip hop. Curre Curre Guaglio was self-produced, but rose from its underground status to become an iconic album and cultural manifesto that eventually inspired the film Sud by Oscar-winning director Gabriele Salvatores. The group also has its own record label, Novenove, which works to promote underground artists.
- Luca "'O Zulù" Persico - vocals
- Marco "Kaya Pezz8" Messina - sampler and dub master
- Massimo "JRM" Jovine - bass
- Sacha Ricci - keyboard
- Claudio "Clark Kent" Marino - drums
- Maria "Meg" Di Donna - vocals
|Date of release||Title||Studio||Label||Producer||Track listing|
|1993||Curre curre guagliò||Al Flying Recording Studio in Naples||Novenove/BMG||Sergio Messina
|1995||Guai a chi ci tocca||Splash and Flying Records in Naples||IO||
|1996||Cerco tiempo||Flying Records in Naples||IO||Kwanzaa Posse||
|1998||Corto circuito||Transeuropa Recording Studio in Turin||IO||99 Posse e Carlo U. Rossi||
|2000||La vida que vendrá||Folder Studio in Naples||Musica Posse / Self Distribuzione||99 Posse e Carlo U. Rossi||
|2011||Cattivi Guagliuni||Folder Studio in Naples||Musica Posse / Self Distribuzione||99 Posse||
|1994||Incredibile opposizione tour 94|
Behan, Tom. (2007) "Putting spanners in the works: the politics of the 99 Posse." Popular Music 26.03, 497-504.
Cavallo, Vincenzo; Chambers, Iain. (n.d.). "Neapolitan Nights: from Vesuvian Blues to Planetary Vibes", http://www.academia.edu/5599503/Neapolitan_nights_from_Vesuvian_blues_to_planetary_vibes
Dello Iacovo, Rosario. (2014) Curre curre guagliò: Storie dei 99 Posse. Milan: Baldini&Castoldi.
Dines, Nick. (1999) "Centri sociali: occupazioni autogestite a Napoli negli anni novanta", Quaderni di sociologia, 43(21), 90-111. https://www.academia.edu/24356419/Centri_sociali_occupazioni_autogestite_a_Napoli_negli_anni_novanta
Messina, Marcello. (2016) "Cattivi guagliuni: the identity politics of 99 Posse". In P. Guerra, & T. Moreira (Eds.), Keep it Simple, Make it Fast! An approach to underground music scenes, Vol. 2, (pp. 131-136). Porto: University of Porto. Faculty of Arts and Humanities. http://ler.letras.up.pt/uploads/ficheiros/14048.pdf
Pugliese, Joseph. (2008). "Whiteness and the blackening of Italy: La guerra cafona, extracomunitari and provisional street justice". PORTAL Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies, 5(2). http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/journals/index.php/portal/article/viewArticle/702