85th Regiment of Foot (Bucks Volunteers)
The 85th (Bucks Volunteers) Regiment of Foot was a British Army line infantry regiment. During the Childers Reforms it was united with the 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot to form the King's Shropshire Light Infantry.
The 85th was raised in 1793 by George Nugent, their colonel, in Buckinghamshire for service during the French Revolutionary Wars. They first saw action in the Netherlands, before moving to the West Indies. In 1806 they returned to Britain and converted to a Light Infantry role, renaming as the 85th (Bucks Volunteers) Light Infantry. Two years later they were serving under Wellington in the Peninsular campaign and fought at Fuentes de Oñoro and Badajoz. In 1814 they were dispatched to America and saw action in the last phase of the War of 1812. In particular, they carried out a successful attack on 8 January 1815 on the American positions on the west bank of the Mississippi during the Battle of New Orleans.
In 1821 they received a royal association becoming the 85th (Bucks Volunteers) Duke of York's Light Infantry, and in 1827 the 85th (Bucks Volunteers) King's Light Infantry.
- Peninsular War: Fuentes d'Onor, Nive, Peninsula
- War of 1812: Bladensburg
- Second Anglo-Afghan War: Afghanistan 1879-80
Colonels of the Regiment
85th Regiment of Foot
- 1794–1805: F.M. Sir George Nugent, Bt., GCB
85th (Bucks Volunteers) Regiment of Foot - (1802)
85th (Bucks Volunteers) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry) - (1808)
- 1807–1815: Gen. Thomas Slaughter Stanwix
- 1815–1823: Gen. Sir James Willoughby Gordon, Bt., GCB, GCH
85th (or The Duke of York's Own) Regiment of Light Infantry (Bucks Volunteers) - (1821)
- 1823–1839: Lt-Gen. Sir Herbert Taylor, GCB, GCH
85th, or The King's Regiment of Light Infantry (Bucks Volunteers) - (1827)
- 1839–1840: Lt-Gen. Sir William Thornton, KCB
- 1840–1843: F.M. Sir John Forster Fitzgerald, GCB
- 1843–1847: Lt-Gen. Sir Thomas Pearson, KCB, KCH
- 1847–1865: Gen. Sir John Wright Guise, Bt., GCB
- 1865–1875: Gen. Frederick Maunsell
- 1875–1876: Lt-Gen. George Campbell, CB
- 1876–1879: Gen. Arnold Charles Errington
- 1879–1880: Lt-Gen. Percy Hill, CB
- 1880–1881: Gen. Sir Henry Percival de Bathe, Bt.
- Vetch, Robert Hamilton (1898). "Thornton, William (1779?-1840)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 56. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 309–310.
- "85th, or The King's Regiment of Light Infantry (Bucks Volunteers)". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 15 July 2006. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
- Wickes, HL Regiments of Foot (1974) ISBN 0-85045-220-1