42nd National Film Awards

42nd National Film Awards
Awarded for Best of Indian cinema in 1994
Awarded by President of India
(Shankar Dayal Sharma)
Presented by Directorate of Film Festivals
Official website dff.nic.in
Best Feature Film Unishe April
Best Non-Feature Film Rasayatra
Most awards Kadhalan, Parinayam (4)

The 42nd National Film Awards, presented by Directorate of Film Festivals, the organisation set up by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in the year 1994.[1][2] Ceremony took place in 1995 and awards were given by then President of India, Shankar Dayal Sharma.


Awards were divided into feature films, non-feature films and books written on Indian cinema.

Lifetime Achievement Award

Name of Award Awardee(s) Awarded As Awards
Dadasaheb Phalke Award Dilip Kumar[3] Actor Swarna Kamal, 1,00,000 and a Shawl

Feature Films

Feature films were awarded at All India as well as regional level. For 42nd National Film Awards, a Bengali film, Unishe April won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film whereas a Tamil film, Kadhalan and a Malayalam film, Parinayam won the maximum number of awards (4). Following were the awards given in each category:[1][2]

All India Award

Following were the awards given:[1][2]

Golden Lotus Award

Official Name: Swarna Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Golden Lotus Award (Swarna Kamal)', a certificate and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Feature Film Unishe April Bengali Producer: Renu Roy 50,000/-
Director: Rituparno Ghosh 25,000/-
Citation: For a complex and impeccable rendition of fragmenting family relationships in urban India. The bond between a mother and daughter is extended to a defined space and time, and a drama immaculately constructed.
Best Debut Film of A Director Mogha Mull Tamil Producer: J. Dharmambal
Director: Gnana Rajasekaran
25,000/- Each
Citation: For an able translation of a literary work of art, for integrating music with melodramatic narrative and for a cinematic simplicity matched with remarkable directorial control.
Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment Hum Aapke Hain Koun..! Hindi Producer: Rajshri Productions 40,000/-
Director: Sooraj R. Barjatya 20,000/-
Citation: For revolutionising mass entertainment in India with a family entertainer and a fantasy film that succeeds without recourse to familiar narrative idioms of violence.
Best Children's Film Kochaniyan Malayalam Producer: Bushura Shahudeen 30,000/-
Director: Satheesh Vengannoor 15,000/-
Citation: For a simple but effective tale of a middle class Kerala family told through the experiences and dreams of a young boy.
Abhay Hindi Producer: National Center of Films for Children and Young People 30,000/-
Director: Annu Kapoor 15,000/-
Citation: For an entertaining film advocating humane love between a child and a ghost advocating a rational outlook to life.
Best Direction Xagoroloi Bohudoor Assamese Jahnu Barua 50,000/-
Citation: For capturing Assamese life and reality in an original format uniquely associated with the director, and for enriching the spectrum of Indian Cinema thereby.
Silver Lotus Award

Official Name: Rajat Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Silver Lotus Award (Rajat Kamal)', a certificate and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Feature Film on National Integration Mukta Marathi Producer: Ashok B. Mhatre 30,000/-
Director: Jabbar Patel 15,000/-
Citation: For mapping a sharply defined dramatic style on to a canvas of national caste oppresion and for unversalising the alliances of the Indian Dalit people.
Best Film on Family Welfare Karuththamma Tamil Producer: Vetrivel Art Creations 30,000/-
Director: P. Bharathiraja 15,000/-
Citation: For extending the pressing social issue of female infanticide onto a melodrama spanning the canvas of rural Tamil Nadu, a dimension that is now uniquely Bharathiraja signature.
Best Film on Other Social Issues Parinayam Malayalam Producer: G. P. Vijayakumar 30,000/-
Director: Hariharan 15,000/-
Citation: For recreating a real incident in the social history of Kerala, thereby indicating the continued relevance of gender oppression in traditional caste-dominated society.
Wheelchair Bengali Producer: NFDC 30,000/-
Director: Tapan Sinha 15,000/-
Citation: For a positive rendition of the condition of handicapped people suggesting affirmative action.
Best Film on Environment / Conservation / Preservation Nirbachana Oriya Producer: NFDC and Doordarshan 30,000/-
Director: Biplab Ray Chowdhury 15,000/-
Citation: For a stunningly controlled and uniquely cinematic metaphor of rural India and impending environment catastrophe shown with compassion and satire.
Best Actor Krantiveer Hindi Nana Patekar 10,000/-
Citation: For his impressive portrayal of a man who lives on his own terms. He is able to rekindle in the common man the deep, hidden resource of strength that lies dormant in each one of us.
Best Actress Unishe April Bengali Debashree Roy 10,000/-
Citation: For her complete identification with character of lonely doctor. The wide range of emotion is portrayed in a most sensitive and controlled manner in this film.
Best Supporting Actor Drohkaal Hindi Ashish Vidyarthi 10,000/- Each
Citation: For bringing credibility to his role with strength and total conviction.
Nammavar Tamil Nagesh
Citation: For making heart break of a broken father come alive with dignity and poise.
Best Supporting Actress Mammo Hindi Surekha Sikri 10,000/-
Citation: For her portrayal of surrogate mother, underplayed with quite sensitivity and gentleness.
Best Child Artist Kotreshi Kanasu Kannada Vijay Raghavendra 10,000/-
Citation: For his portrayal of bright little boy who is a social outcast. He wins your heart with his soft and endearing mannerisms.
Best Male Playback Singer   Kadhalan
("Ennavale Adi Ennavale")
("Uyirum Neeye")
Tamil P. Unni Krishnan 10,000/-
Citation: For his range and masterly rendition of the songs of two Tamil films, demonstrating a rare professionalism and command over technique.
Best Female Playback Singer Karuththamma
("Porale Ponnuthaaye")
Tamil Swarnalatha 10,000/-
Citation: For her extraordinarily compassionate song upon which much of the crucial dramatic action in the film is enacted.
Best Cinematography Thenmavin Kombath Malayalam Cameraman: K. V. Anand
Laboratory Processing: Gemini Color Lab, Madras
Citation: In recognition of the outstanding cinematography executed with sincerity, imagination and flexibility. Fluid camera movements, praise compositions, and use of light are the highlights of this visual experience.
Best Screenplay Parinayam Malayalam M. T. Vasudevan Nair 10,000/-
Citation: For his masterly use of fiction in cinema, reconstructing pre-1940s Kerala through sharply defined characters and remarkable control over dialogue.
Best Audiography Kadhalan Tamil A. S. Laxmi Narayanan and V. S. Murthy 10,000/-
Citation: For combining numerous effects in multiple tracks and an often dazzling array of music, sound and dialogue with remarkable technical control.
Best Editing Kadhalan Tamil B. Lenin and V. T. Vijayan 10,000/-
Citation: For the sheer magic of an editing idiom, cut to perfect timing event at a breath taking pace, in sequences that often make the implausible a plausibility.
Best Art Direction Thenmavin Kombath Malayalam Sabu Cyril 10,000/-
Citation: For creating an appropriate space for a romantic fantasy in cinema-scope in tandem with the cinematography.
Best Costume Design Amodini Bengali Supriya Dasgupta 10,000/-
Citation: For an aesthetic recreation of 18th century costumes, evoking the traditions of Bengali painting and theatre.
Best Music Direction   Parinayam
Malayalam Ravi (Bombay) 10,000/- Each
Citation: For his melodious rendering of his tunes. The music in both the films exhibit originality and creatively highlights the entire mood of the two films, achieving musical harmony
Sukrutham Malayalam Johnson
Citation: For scoring the background music.
Best Lyrics   Karuththamma
("Poralae Ponnuthayi")
("Uyirum Neeye")
Tamil Vairamuthu 10,000/-
Citation: Through their lyrics, he is able to bring to the fore his rich repertory of poetic expression which sensitively enhances the mood of the films.
Best Special Effects Kadhalan Tamil C. Murugesh And S. T. Venki 10,000/-
Citation: In recognition of many spectacular sequences creatively engineered.
Best Choreography Hum Aapke Hain Koun..! Hindi Jay Borade 10,000/-
Citation: For a graceful and aesthetically pleasing choreography, contemporary and yet traditional in its adherence to Indian cultural practices.
Special Jury Award Param Vir Chakra Hindi Radhu Karmakar (Posthumously) (Cinematographer) 25,000/- Each
Citation: In appreciation of a lifetime achievement in creating some of the most memorable moments in Indian film history.
Swaham Malayalam Shaji N. Karun (Director)
Citation: For one of the most outstanding directors of Indian cinema, for sensitively probing the vacuum created in a family, when its central pivot is lost in death.
Nammavar Tamil Mahesh Mahadevan (Music director) Certificate Only
Citation: For his unusual and innovative score, using sound effects as an integral part of his musical arrangement.
Xagoroloi Bohudoor Assamese Bishnu Kharghoria (Actor)
Citation: For his poignant and memorable role for bringing alive the heartrending agony of a boatman and his grandson, who is not only deserted by his son, but also his life sustaining river - his only source of livelihood.
Parinayam Malayalam S. Kumar (Cinematographer)
Citation: For recreating and bringing to life an ambiance and characters that help lend credibility to a difficult and complex scenario. Sensitively handled and a sustained performance where the camera and lights have been used as an extension of the creative story teller.

Regional Awards

The award is given to best film in the regional languages in India.[1][2]

Name of Award Name of Film Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Feature Film in Assamese Xagoroloi Bohudoor Producer: Sailadhar Baruah and Jahnu Barua 20,000/-
Director: Jahnu Barua 10,000/-
Citation: For the filmmaker's ability to tell a complex tale with minimal canvas, handling the medium with control, restraint and extraordinary sensitivity.
Best Feature Film in Bengali Amidini Producer: NFDC and Doordarshan 20,000/-
Director: Chidananda Dasgupta 10,000/-
Citation: For a stylised and innovative period rendition of complex social relations in 18th century Bengal, integrating performances with camera movements and mise en scene.
Best Feature Film in Hindi Mammo Producer: NFDC and Doordarshan 20,000/-
Director: Shyam Benegal 10,000/-
Citation: For a poignant narrative of a family set against the trauma of exiled people in past post partition India.
Best Feature Film in Kannada Kotreshi Kanasu Producer: G. Nandakumar 20,000/-
Director: Nagathihalli Chandrashekhar 10,000/-
Citation: For a simple but effective tale of a young harijan boy fighting cast justice in rural Karnataka.
Best Feature Film in Malayalam Sukrutham Producer: Harikumar 20,000/-
Director: M. M. Ramachandran 10,000/-
Citation: Against the backdrop of impending death, complex marital and social relationships are explored.
Best Feature Film in Manipuri Mayooshy Gee Macha Producer: Thouyangba and Thoungamba 20,000/-
Director: Oken Amakcham 10,000/-
Citation: For a simple story of a rural life in Manipuri handled with a deft mastery over the medium.
Best Feature Film in Tamil Nammavar Producer: B. Venkatarama Reddy 20,000/-
Director: K. S. Sethumadhavan 10,000/-
Citation: For professionally assembled tale of a college professor who encounters student violence, marked by several impressive performances.

Best Feature Film in Each of the Language Other Than Those Specified In the Schedule VIII of the Constitution

Name of Award Name of Film Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Feature Film in English English, August Producer: Anuradha Parikh 20,000/-
Director: Dev Benegal 10,000/-
Citation: For adapting a complex and highly applauded novel with a cinematic skill and mastery matching the original work, a translation unusual in contemporary Indian cinema.

Non-Feature Films

Short Films made in any Indian language and certified by the Central Board of Film Certification as a documentary/newsreel/fiction are eligible for non-feature film section.

Golden Lotus Award

Official Name: Swarna Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Golden Lotus Award (Swarna Kamal)', a certificate and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Non-Feature Film Rasayatra Hindi and English Producer: Interaction Video Communication 20,000/- Each
Director: Nandan Kudhyadi 15,000/- Each
Citation: For its sensitive and imaginative transposition of music, into a dignified cinematic expression.

Silver Lotus Award

Official Name: Rajat Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Silver Lotus Award (Rajat Kamal)' and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best First Non-Feature Film A Little War Hindi Producer: Film and Television Institute of India
Director: Atanu Biswas
10,000/- Each
Citation: For a restrained performances that its camera elicits.
Best Anthropological / Ethnographic Film The Trapped English Producer: K. Jayachandran
Director: O. K. Johnny
10,000/- Each
Citation: For choosing to focus on the exploitation, past and present, of a small tribe, without platitudinous sentimentality.
Best Arts / Cultural Film Painting In Time English Producer: Topshots
Director: Sarbajit Sen
10,000/- Each
Citation: For using play of light to enter the surface of a culture, unobtrusively, allowing it to reveal its magical metaphysics.
Best Scientific Film Another Way of Learning English Producer: Comet Media Foundation
Director: Chandita Mukherjee
10,000/- Each
Citation: For being at once precise and warm in its approach to teaching processes.
Best Environment / Conservation / Preservation Film Visuddha Vanangal Malayalam Producer: Kerala State Film Development Corporation
Director: K. R. Mohanan
10,000/- Each
Citation: For its analytical clarity and rigorous research in addressing a specific ecological issue.
Best Promotional Film Blue Flames, Green Villages English Producer: National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board, Ministry of Environment and Forests
Director: Ramesh Asher
10,000/- Each
Citation: For its competent presentation of a rural project, within its given brief.
Best Historical Reconstruction / Compilation Film Phalke Children English Producer: R. Krishna Mohan and Y. N. Engineer
Director: Kamal Swaroop
10,000/- Each
Citation: For the film which, while documenting the life and work of the subject, critiques the iconocising approach to history.
Best Film on Social Issues Father, Son and Holy War (Part I - Trial by Fire, Part II - Hero Pharmacy) Hindi and English Producer: Anand Patwardhan
Director: Anand Patwardhan
10,000/- Each
Citation: For its conviction, courage and relentless observation, tempered by a sharp sense of irony.
Best Educational / Motivational / Instructional Film News Magazine No. 268 (A) Plague - Curable and Preventable Hindi Producer: R. Krishna Mohan
Director: Mahesh P. Sinha
10,000/- Each
Citation: For its simple, direct and clear communication about the threat of plague.
Best Investigative Film Father, Son and Holy War (Part I - Trial by Fire, Part II - Hero Pharmacy) Hindi and English Producer: Anand Patwardhan
Director: Anand Patwardhan
10,000/- Each
Citation: For probing beyond the objective, in its pursuit of insights, allowing even the unexpected to suggest the oblique.
Best Animation Film Mahagiri Hindi Producer: Bhimsain
Director: Kireet
Animator: S. M. Hasan
10,000/- Each
Citation: For its playful wit, its liveliness of line and indigenous idiom.
Best Short Fiction Film Still Life Hindi and English Producer: Film and Television Institute of India
Director: Subhadro Chowdhary
10,000/- Each
Citation: For its stylistic sophistication in dealing with the chaos of painful experience.
Best Film on Family Welfare Clint Malayalam and English Producer: Shiva Kumar
Director: Shiva Kumar
10,000/- Each
Citation: For setting up a new model of the essence of family welfare, through its honest documentation of factors impinging on a child's life.
Best Cinematography Rasayatra Hindi and English Cameraman: Anoop Jotwani
Laboratory Processing: Vijay Color Lab, Madras
10,000/- Each
Citation: For his fastidious interpretation through lighting, and the fluidity of his camera operation.
Best Audiography Another Way of Learning English Indrajit Neogi and A. M. Padmanabhan 10,000/-
Citation: For together bringing about a quality of sound, which so enhances the acoustic, that the viewer becomes a participant.
Best Editing Rasayatra Hindi and English Paresh Kamdar 10,000/-
Citation: For the elegant pace with which he discovers spatial correlatives for the inherent musicality.
Best Music Direction The Myth to the Tree, The Serpent and the Mother Malayalam K. P. Udayabhanu 10,000/-
Citation: For his interesting juxtaposition of different strains of music and sound.
Special Jury Award Games We Played in My Youth English Soumitra Sarkar 10,000/-
Citation: For a refreshingly whimsical poem, which delights in the surprise of shifts and displacement.
Of Tagore and Cinema English Arun Kumar Roy Certificate Only
Citation: In acknowledgement of its archival value.
The Story of Integration English Gautam Haldar
Citation: In acknowledgement of his painstaking attempt to bring its subject to life.
Ormaynde Theerangalil Malayalam Kaviyoor Sivaprasad
Citation: In acknowledgement of his lyrical evocation of the passage of time.

Best Writing on Cinema

The awards aim at encouraging study and appreciation of cinema as an art form and dissemination of information and critical appreciation of this art-form through publication of books, articles, reviews etc.

Golden Lotus Award

Official Name: Swarna Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Golden Lotus Award (Swarna Kamal)' and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Book Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Book on Cinema Abhinayam Anubhavam Malayalam Author: Bharath Gopi
Publisher: P. Bhuvanesan
15,000/- Each
Citation: For his introspective and self-analytical first person account. Abhinayam Anubhavam is serious and wistful at times, as the actor weaves and interesting picture of his interaction with cinema and his colleagues in the medium. The book is as unusual as it is revealing
Best Film Critic English Rashmi Doraiswamy 15,000/-
Citation: For her perceptive and in-depth analysis of wide-ranging issues related to cinema, both in India and aboard. Her writing is not only well researched and informative but also represents a convincing point of view.

Awards not given

Following were the awards not given as no film was found to be suitable for the award:[1][2]


External links

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