2016 Tour de France
|2016 UCI World Tour, race 18 of 28|
|Route of the 2016 Tour de France|
|Distance||3,529 km (2,193 mi)|
|Winning time||89h 04' 48"|
|Winner||Chris Froome (GBR)||(Team Sky)|
|Second||Romain Bardet (FRA)||(AG2R La Mondiale)|
|Third||Nairo Quintana (COL)||(Movistar Team)|
|Points||Peter Sagan (SVK)||(Tinkoff)|
|Mountains||Rafal Majka (POL)||(Tinkoff)|
|Youth||Adam Yates (GBR)||(Orica–BikeExchange)|
|Combativity||Peter Sagan (SVK)||(Tinkoff)|
The 2016 Tour de France was the 103rd edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The 3,529 km (2,193 mi)-long race started in Mont Saint-Michel, Normandy, on 2 July 2016, and concluded with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris, on 24 July 2016. A total of 198 riders from 22 teams entered the 21-stage race, which was won by Chris Froome of Team Sky. The second and third places were taken by Romain Bardet (AG2R La Mondiale) and Nairo Quintana (Movistar Team), respectively.
Mark Cavendish of Team Dimension Data won the opening stage to take the race leader's yellow jersey. Tinkoff rider Peter Sagan won the second stage to claim yellow and held onto it until the fifth stage when Greg Van Avermaet (BMC Racing Team) took the stage and the yellow jersey. Van Avermaet lost ground in the mountainous eighth stage, finishing over 25 minutes behind the stage winner Froome, who took the yellow jersey. Froome retained the yellow jersey through to stage 17 and extended his lead further following a strong performance in the stage 18's mountain time trial. Bardet won the mountainous 19th stage and moved into second place overall and despite crashing in the rain, Froome was able to extend his lead. He then held the lead into the finish in Paris.
The points classification was won by Sagan, who won three stages. Tinkoff's Rafał Majka won the mountains classification. Orica–BikeExchange rider Adam Yates, in fourth place overall, won the young rider classification. The team classification was won by Movistar Team and Sagan was given the award for the most combative rider. Cavendish won the most stages, with four.
Twenty-two teams participated in the 2016 edition of the Tour de France. All of the eighteen UCI WorldTeams were automatically invited, and obliged, to attend the race. On 2 March 2016, the organiser of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), announced the four second-tier UCI Professional Continental teams given wildcard invitations: Bora–Argon 18, Cofidis, Direct Énergie, and Fortuneo–Vital Concept. The presentation of the teams – where the members of each team's roster are introduced in front of the media and local dignitaries – took place in the town square of Sainte-Mère-Église, Normandy, on 28 June, two days before the opening stage held in the region. Each team arrived in World War II military vehicles, commemorating the Normandy landings.
The number of riders allowed per squad was nine, therefore the start list contained a total of 198 riders. Of these, 33 were competing in their first Tour de France. The total number of riders that finished the race was 174, beating the previous record of 170 set in 2010 Tour. The riders came from 35 countries; France, Spain, the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Germany all had 10 or more riders in the race. Riders from ten countries won stages during the race; British riders won the largest number of stages, with seven. The average age of riders in the race was 30 years, ranging from the 22-year-old Sondre Holst Enger (IAM Cycling) to the 42-year-old Matteo Tosatto (Tinkoff). Of the total average ages, Lampre–Merida was the youngest team and Lotto–Soudal the oldest.
UCI Professional Continental teams
In the run up to the 2016 Tour de France, Chris Froome was widely considered as the top pre-race favourite for the general classification. His closest rivals were thought to be Nairo Quintana (Movistar Team) and Alberto Contador (Tinkoff). All had won at least one Grand Tour previously, amassing a total of twenty podiums between them. The other favourites were Richie Porte (BMC Racing Team), Thibaut Pinot (FDJ), Fabio Aru (Astana), Vincenzo Nibali (Astana), Romain Bardet (AG2R La Mondiale), and Tejay van Garderen (BMC Racing Team).
Froome, who won both the 2013 and 2015 editions of the race, had shown his form during the season with overall victories at the Herald Sun Tour and the Critérium du Dauphiné, the Tour's warm-up race. The previous edition's runner-up, Quintana, had won the Volta a Catalunya, Tour de Romandie, and the Route du Sud in the lead up to the Tour de France. Contador, winner of the 2007 and 2009 Tours de France, won the Tour of the Basque Country and placed second at Paris–Nice and the Volta a Catalunya.
The sprinters considered favourites for the points classification and wins on the flat or hilly bunch sprint finishes were Mark Cavendish (Team Dimension Data), Marcel Kittel (Etixx–Quick-Step), André Greipel (Lotto–Soudal), Alexander Kristoff (Team Katusha), Peter Sagan (Tinkoff), John Degenkolb (Team Giant–Alpecin) and Michael Matthews (Orica–BikeExchange).
Route and stages
On 24 November 2014, ASO announced that for time the first time in Tour history the department of Manche would host the 2016 edition's opening race stages (known as the Grand Départ), before further details of the first three stages held in Manche were released on 9 December 2014. On 15 January 2015, the organisers confirmed that the race would visit Andorra, for the fifth time in history; after the 1964, 1993, 1997 and 2009 editions. The principality hosted the finish of the ninth stage, the first rest day and start of stage ten. The entire route was unveiled by race director Christian Prudhomme on 20 October 2015 at the Palais des Congrès in Paris. The defending champion Chris Froome said after the route was announced that he expected the course to suit him better than the previous year's course. "I think it's going to take a complete cyclist – but the stage that certainly stands out for me is Mont Ventoux", he added.
The first stage started at the Mont Saint-Michel island monastery and finished north on at Utah Beach. The second stage was held between Saint-Lô and Cherbourg. The third stage left Manche in Granville and headed south to the finish in Angers. Stage four took the race further south, between Saumur and Limoges, with the fifth stage crossing the elevated region of Massif Central to the finish at the Le Lioran mountain resort. Stage six headed to Montauban before the entrance to the Pyrenees in stage seven. This mountain range also hosted two further stages: a roller-coaster stage eight and the finish in Andorra in stage nine. The following three stages, 10 to 12, crossed the south of the country eastwards to Mont Ventoux. After an individual time trial, stage 14 took the race northwards through the Rhône Valley, which was followed by a stage that took the race into the Jura Mountains. Stage 16 ended with a finish in Bern, Switzerland. The next four stages took place in and around the Alps, before a long transfer took the Tour to the finish with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris.
There were 21 stages in the race, covering a total distance of 3,529 km (2,193 mi), 168.7 km (104.8 mi) longer than the 2015 Tour. The longest mass-start was the fourth at 237.5 km (148 mi), and stage 21 was the shortest at 113 km (70 mi). The race featured a total of 54.5 km (34 mi) in individual time trials and four summit finishes: stage 9, to Andorra-Arcalis (Andorra); stage 12, to Chalet Reynard (Mont Ventoux); stage 17, to Finhaut-Émosson (Switzerland); and stage 19, to Saint Gervais-les-Bains. There were six hors catégorie (English: beyond category) rated climbs in the race. There were sixteen new stage start or finish locations. The second rest day took place in Bern after stage 15.
|1||2 July||Mont Saint-Michel to Utah Beach (Sainte-Marie-du-Mont)||188 km (117 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|2||3 July||Saint-Lô to Cherbourg-Octeville||183 km (114 mi)||Flat stage||Peter Sagan (SVK)|
|3||4 July||Granville to Angers||223.5 km (139 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|4||5 July||Saumur to Limoges||237.5 km (148 mi)||Flat stage||Marcel Kittel (GER)|
|5||6 July||Limoges to Le Lioran||216 km (134 mi)||Medium mountain stage||Greg Van Avermaet (BEL)|
|6||7 July||Arpajon-sur-Cère to Montauban||190.5 km (118 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|7||8 July||L'Isle-Jourdain to Lac de Payolle||162.5 km (101 mi)||Medium mountain stage||Steve Cummings (GBR)|
|8||9 July||Pau to Bagnères-de-Luchon||184 km (114 mi)||High mountain stage||Chris Froome (GBR)|
|9||10 July||Vielha Val d'Aran (Spain) to Andorra-Arcalis (Andorra)||184.5 km (115 mi)||High mountain stage||Tom Dumoulin (NED)|
|11 July||Andorra||Rest day|
|10||12 July||Escaldes-Engordany (Andorra) to Revel||197 km (122 mi)||Medium mountain stage||Michael Matthews (AUS)|
|11||13 July||Carcassonne to Montpellier||162.5 km (101 mi)||Flat stage||Peter Sagan (SVK)|
|12||14 July||Montpellier to Chalet Reynard (Mont Ventoux)||178 km (111 mi)||High mountain stage||Thomas De Gendt (BEL)|
|13||15 July||Bourg-Saint-Andéol to La Caverne du Pont-d'Arc||37.5 km (23 mi)||Individual time trial||Tom Dumoulin (NED)|
|14||16 July||Montélimar to Villars-les-Dombes (Parc des Oiseaux)||208.5 km (130 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|15||17 July||Bourg-en-Bresse to Culoz||160 km (99 mi)||High mountain stage||Jarlinson Pantano (COL)|
|16||18 July||Moirans-en-Montagne to Bern (Switzerland)||209 km (130 mi)||Flat stage||Peter Sagan (SVK)|
|19 July||Bern (Switzerland)||Rest day|
|17||20 July||Bern (Switzerland) to Finhaut-Émosson (Switzerland)||184.5 km (115 mi)||High mountain stage||Ilnur Zakarin (RUS)|
|18||21 July||Sallanches to Megève||17 km (11 mi)||Mountain time trial||Chris Froome (GBR)|
|19||22 July||Albertville to Saint Gervais-les-Bains||146 km (91 mi)||High mountain stage||Romain Bardet (FRA)|
|20||23 July||Megève to Morzine||146.5 km (91 mi)||High mountain stage||Jon Izagirre (ESP)|
|21||24 July||Chantilly to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||113 km (70 mi)||Flat stage||André Greipel (GER)|
|Total||3,529 km (2,193 mi)|
The first stage's bunch sprint finish was won by Mark Cavendish, who gained the race leader's yellow jersey; he also claimed the green jersey as the leader of the points classification, with Paul Voss (Bora–Argon 18) taking the polka dot jersey as the leader of the mountains classification. Alberto Contador crashed and lost 55 seconds. Peter Sagan took victory in stage two with an uphill sprint in Cherbourg, putting him in the yellow and green jerseys. Jasper Stuyven of Trek–Segafredo led the mountains classification. General classification rivals Contador and Richie Porte both lost time. The bunch sprint in Angers was won by Cavendish in a photo finish with André Greipel. Cavendish's win was his 28th in the Tour and drew him level with Bernard Hinault at second on the all-time list; Cavendish also took the green jersey. Another photo finish followed in the next stage with Marcel Kittel beating Direct Énergie's Bryan Coquard. Sagan claimed back the green and Thomas De Gendt (Lotto–Soudal) the polka dot. Greg Van Avermaet of BMC Racing Team won the fifth stage after he was the only rider to survive from an early breakaway. He took the lead of the general classification by over five minutes. Stage six was won by Cavendish, who beat Kittel and claimed the green jersey.
In stage seven, the first in the Pyrenees, Steve Cummings (Team Dimension Data) soloed over the final climb, the Col d'Aspin, and descended into the finish at Lac de Payolle where he took victory. Van Avermaet came fifth and extended his lead. Orica–BikeExchange's Adam Yates attacked the chasing group and as he passed underneath the one kilometer to go arch it collapsed on top of, and injured, him. In the following stage Chris Froome attacked the front of the race of overall favourites as they passed the summit of the Col de Peyresourde, descending to the finish at in Bagneres de Luchon to take a solo victory by thirteen seconds. This put him in the yellow jersey, sixteen seconds ahead of Yates in second, with Rafał Majka (Tinkoff) taking the polka dot. On the ninth stage Tom Dumoulin of Team Giant–Alpecin broke clear of the large breakaway to claim the win at the Andorra-Arcalis. Thibaut Pinot took the lead of the mountains classification. Contador abandoned the race due to his injuries. Another breakaway succeeded in the next stage with Orica–BikeExchange using their advantage of having three riders in the small group to give Michael Matthews the win. Sagan, who came second, took the lead in the points classification.
On stage eleven, Sagan forced a move in the final 12 km (7.5 mi) with his teammate Maciej Bodnar, who were followed by Froome and his teammate Geraint Thomas. They opened up a lead of over twenty seconds and held it to six seconds at the finish, where Sagan beat Froome in a sprint. A successful breakaway saw De Gendt win stage twelve at the finish at Chalet Reynard, which was changed from the intended summit finish at Mont Ventoux, 6 km (3.7 mi) later, due to dangerous winds. In the chasing group of overall favourites, a leading group of Porte, Froome and Bauke Mollema (Trek–Segafredo) crashed into the back of a camera motorbike that was stopped by the encroaching spectators. Froome's bike was unrideable and he was forced to run until he was given a bike from a neutral service car; although it did not fit him he managed to ride until he received his team bike. The race jury gave Froome and Porte the same time as Mollema, who had got back on his bike with no issues. De Gendt took the lead of the mountains classification. Stage thirteen's 37.5 km (23.3 mi) individual time trial was won by Dumoulin, 38 seconds ahead of second-placed Rui Costa (Lampre–Merida). Froome extended his lead to one minute and forty-seven seconds. Cavendish won his fourth stage the next day with a bunch sprint at the Parc des Oiseaux.
IAM Cycling rider Jarlinson Pantano won stage fifteen after a sprint with fellow surviving breakaway rider Majka. In next stage, Sagan won his third stage from a select group of sprinters that had traversed a cobbled climb 6 km (3.7 mi) from the finish in Berne. In stage seventeen, as the race entered the Alps, Team Katusha's Ilnur Zakarin attacked a breakaway and held off a chasing Pantano to take the win at the summit finish by the Émosson Dam. In the following stage's 17 km (10.6 mi) mountain time trial Froome beat second-placed Dumoulin by 21 seconds and extended his lead to three minutes and 52 seconds overall, with Mollema keeping second. In stage nineteen, the general classification leaders descended the wet roads of the unclassified penultimate climb at the head of the race, with only Costa surviving from the breakaway. Romain Bardet attacked after a series of crashes that included Froome and Mollema. Froome took Thomas's bike and got back to the group, but Mollema was left isolated and finished over four minutes behind the stage winner Bardet, who had passed Costa in the final 7 km (4.3 mi) and soloed to the finish at the Le Bettex ski station. Froome's lead was increased to 4' 11", with Bardet moving up from fifth to second. In stage twenty Jon Izaguirre (Movistar Team) took the win in Morzine, attacking on the wet descent from a three rider group that led over the final climb of Col de Joux Plane.
The final stage in Paris was won by Greipel, his second consecutive Champs-Élysées stage win. Froome finished the race to claim his third Tour de France, becoming the first man since Miguel Indurain in 1995 Tour to officially defend his title. He beat second-placed Bardet by four minutes and five seconds, with Nairo Quintana third, a further sixteen seconds down. Sagan won the points classification with a total of 470, 242 ahead of Greipel in second. Majka won the mountains classification with De Gendt and Pantano second and third respectively. The best young rider was Yates, two minutes and sixteen seconds ahead of second-placed Louis Meintjes (Lampre–Merida). Movistar Team finished as the winners of the team classification, over eight minutes ahead of second-placed Team Sky.
There were four main individual classifications contested in the 2016 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, which was calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. Time bonuses were awarded at the end of every stage apart from the two individual time trials. The first three riders got 10, 6 and 4 seconds, respectively. If a crash had happened within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, the riders involved would have received the same time as the group they were in when the crash occurred. The rider with the lowest cumulative time was the winner of the general classification and was considered the overall winner of the Tour. The rider leading the classification wore a yellow jersey.
|Medium mountain stage||30||25||22||19||17||15||13||11||9||7||6||5||4||3||2|
|High mountain stage||20||17||15||13||11||10||9||8||7||6||5||4||3||2||1|
|Individual time trial||20||17||15||13||11||10||9||8||7||6||5||4||3||2||1|
The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by stage's type. The leader was identified by a green jersey.
The third classification was the mountains classification. Points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit of the most difficult climbs first. The climbs were categorised as fourth-, third-, second- or first-category and hors catégorie, with the more difficult climbs rated lower. Double points were awarded on the summit finishes on stages 9, 12, 17 and 19. The leader wore a white jersey with red polka dots.
The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1991. The leader wore a white jersey.
The final classification was a team classification. This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team determined the outcome of a tie. The riders in the team that lead this classification were identified with yellow number bibs on the back of their jerseys and yellow helmets.
In addition, there was a combativity award given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship". No combativity awards were given for the time trials and the final stage. The winner wore a red number bib the following stage. At the conclusion of the Tour, Peter Sagan won the overall super-combativity award, again, decided by a jury.
A total of €2,295,850 was awarded in cash prizes in the race. The overall winner of the general classification received €500,000, with the second and third placed riders got €200,000 and €100,000 respectively. All finishers of the race were awarded with money. The holders of the classifications benefited on each stage they led; the final winners of the points and mountains were given €25,000, while the best young rider and most combative rider got €20,000. The team classification winners were given €50,000. €11,000 was given to the winners of each stage of the race, with smaller amounts given to places 2–20. There were also three special awards each with a prize of €5000. The Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given to the first rider to pass Goddet's memorial at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet on stage eight, the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given to first rider to pass the summit of the highest climb in the Tour, the Port d'Envalira on stage ten, and the Prix Bernard Hinault, given to the rider with fastest ascent of the Côte de Domancy on stage eighteen. Thibaut Pinot won the Jacques Goddet, Rui Costa won the Henri Desgrange and Richie Porte won the Bernard Hinault.
- In stage two, Marcel Kittel, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Mark Cavendish wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.
- In stages three and five, Mark Cavendish, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Peter Sagan wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.
|Denotes the winner of the general classification||Denotes the winner of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the points classification||Denotes the winner of the young rider classification|
|Denotes the winner of the team classification||Denotes the winner of the combativity award|
|1||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||89h 04' 48"|
|2||Romain Bardet (FRA)||AG2R La Mondiale||+ 4' 05"|
|3||Nairo Quintana (COL)||Movistar Team||+ 4' 21"|
|4||Adam Yates (GBR)||Orica–BikeExchange||+ 4' 42"|
|5||Richie Porte (AUS)||BMC Racing Team||+ 5' 17"|
|6||Alejandro Valverde (ESP)||Movistar Team||+ 6' 16"|
|7||Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP)||Team Katusha||+ 6' 58"|
|8||Louis Meintjes (RSA)||Lampre–Merida||+ 6' 58"|
|9||Daniel Martin (IRL)||Etixx–Quick-Step||+ 7' 04"|
|10||Roman Kreuziger (CZE)||Tinkoff||+ 7' 11"|
|1||Peter Sagan (SVK)||Tinkoff||470|
|2||Marcel Kittel (GER)||Etixx–Quick-Step||228|
|3||Michael Matthews (AUS)||Orica–BikeExchange||199|
|4||André Greipel (GER)||Lotto–Soudal||178|
|5||Alexander Kristoff (NOR)||Team Katusha||172|
|6||Bryan Coquard (FRA)||Direct Énergie||156|
|7||Thomas de Gendt (BEL)||Lotto–Soudal||154|
|8||Greg van Avermaet (BEL)||BMC Racing Team||136|
|9||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||131|
|10||Rafał Majka (POL)||Tinkoff||120|
|1||Rafał Majka (POL)||Tinkoff||209|
|2||Thomas De Gendt (BEL)||Lotto–Soudal||130|
|3||Jarlinson Pantano (COL)||IAM Cycling||121|
|4||Ilnur Zakarin (RUS)||Team Katusha||84|
|5||Rui Costa (POR)||Lampre–Merida||76|
|6||Serge Pauwels (BEL)||Team Dimension Data||62|
|7||Stef Clement (NED)||IAM Cycling||53|
|8||Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)||Astana||36|
|9||Kristijan Đurasek (CRO)||Lampre–Merida||36|
|10||Thomas Voeckler (FRA)||Direct Énergie||33|
Young rider classification
|1||Adam Yates (GBR)||Orica–BikeExchange||89h 09' 30"|
|2||Louis Meintjes (RSA)||Lampre–Merida||+ 2' 16"|
|3||Emanuel Buchmann (GER)||Bora–Argon 18||+ 42' 58"|
|4||Warren Barguil (FRA)||Team Giant–Alpecin||+ 47' 32"|
|5||Wilco Kelderman (NED)||LottoNL–Jumbo||+ 1h 19' 56"|
|6||Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)||Etixx–Quick-Step||+ 1h 55' 27"|
|7||Jan Polanc (SLO)||Lampre–Merida||+ 2h 13' 42"|
|8||Eduardo Sepúlveda (ARG)||Fortuneo–Vital Concept||+ 2h 23' 45"|
|9||Alexey Lutsenko (KAZ)||Astana||+ 2h 37' 10"|
|10||Patrick Konrad (AUT)||Bora–Argon 18||+ 2h 41' 50"|
|1||Movistar Team||267h 20' 45"|
|2||Team Sky||+ 8' 14"|
|3||BMC Racing Team||+ 48' 11"|
|4||AG2R La Mondiale||+ 56' 50"|
|5||Astana||+ 1h 16' 58"|
|6||Tinkoff||+ 1h 52' 23"|
|7||Trek–Segafredo||+ 2h 00' 16"|
|8||IAM Cycling||+ 2h 10' 03"|
|9||Team Katusha||+ 2h 29' 13"|
|10||Lampre–Merida||+ 2h 35' 18"|
The race was the eighteenth of the twenty-eight events in the UCI World Tour, with riders from the WorldTeams competing individually for points that contributed towards the rankings. Riders from both the WorldTeams and Professional Continental teams also competed individually for points that contributed towards the new UCI World Ranking, which included all UCI races. Points were awarded to the top twenty (World Tour) and sixty finishers (World Ranking) in the general classification and to the top five finishers in each stage. The points accrued by Chris Froome moved him up to third in the World Tour and second in the World Ranking. Peter Sagan held the lead of both rankings. Movistar Team's strong showing put them in the lead of the team ranking, replacing Tinkoff. With two riders in the top ten Spain remained the leaders of the nations ranking.
|1||1||Peter Sagan (SVK)||Tinkoff||445|
|2||4||Nairo Quintana (COL)||Movistar Team||407|
|3||21||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||396|
|4||3||Richie Porte (AUS)||BMC Racing Team||394|
|5||2||Alberto Contador (ESP)||Tinkoff||314|
|6||20||Romain Bardet (FRA)||AG2R La Mondiale||314|
|7||9||Alejandro Valverde (ESP)||Movistar Team||307|
|8||11||Dan Martin (IRE)||Etixx–Quick-Step||280|
|9||5||Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)||Astana||241|
|10||6||Ion Izagirre (ESP)||Movistar Team||240|
|1||1||Peter Sagan (SVK)||Tinkoff||3233|
|2||30||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||2569|
|3||2||Alejandro Valverde (ESP)||Movistar Team||2269|
|4||4||Nairo Quintana (COL)||Movistar Team||2250.25|
|5||18||Romain Bardet (FRA)||AG2R La Mondiale||2017|
|6||11||Richie Porte (AUS)||BMC Racing Team||1863|
|7||3||Alberto Contador (ESP)||Tinkoff||1652|
|8||10||Greg Van Avermaet (BEL)||BMC Racing Team||1628|
|9||7||Ion Izagirre (ESP)||Movistar Team||1626|
|10||9||Alexander Kristoff (NOR)||Team Katusha||1564|
Notes and references
- Stage twelve's finish line was moved from the summit of Mont Ventoux to Chalet Reynard, 6 km (4 mi) before, due to dangerous winds.
- "Teams – The riders, videos, photos – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "UCI Cycling Regulations: Part 2: Road Races page 121 article 2.15.127" (PDF). Union Cycliste Internationale. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "2016 Tour de France wildcards announced". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 2 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Wynn, Nigel (1 July 2016). "Tour de France 2016 team presentation in photos". Cycling Weekly. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "Start list – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "Tour de France by the numbers: 103rd edition gives riders a pay bump". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 29 June 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Wynn, Nigel (24 July 2016). "Chris Froome wins 2016 Tour de France as André Greipel takes final stage". Cycling Weekly. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "The history of the Tour de France – Year 2016 – The stage winners". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Tour de France 2016 – Average age". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- Clarke, Stuart (13 June 2015). "How are the Tour de France favourites faring in the warm up races?". Cycling Weekly. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- Ryan, Barry (11 April 2016). "Tour de France: Ranking the contenders from Contador to Quintana". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- Westby, Matt (1 July 2016). "Tour de France: Chris Froome, Nairo Quintana and the other favourites". Sky Sports. Sky plc. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- Clarke, Stuart (14 June 2015). "How the sprinters are preparing for the Tour de France". Cycling Weekly. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- Henrys, Colin (29 June 2016). "Tour de France 2016: green jersey contenders". Road Cycling UK. Mpora. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "Tour de France 2016 to start from Manche – News pre-race – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- "2016 Tour de France to start at Mont Saint-Michel". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Tour de France: 2016 race to visit mountainous Andorra". BBC Sport. BBC. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "2016 Route – Sporting aspects, stage cities – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "Tour de France 2016: Chris Froome delight at 'great course'". BBC Sport. BBC. 20 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "The history of the Tour de France – Year 2015". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Mont Ventoux stage finish cancelled". BBC Sport. BBC. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- ASO 2016, p. 29.
- Yost, Whit (27 May 2016). "What You Should Know About the Stages of the 2016 Tour de France". Bicycling.com. Rodale, Inc. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "The history of the Tour de France – Year 2016 – The stage winners". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
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