1974 Tour de France
|Route of the 1974 Tour de France|
|Dates||27 June – 21 July|
|Stages||22 + Prologue, including four split stages|
|Distance||4,098 km (2,546 mi)|
|Winning time||116h 16' 58"|
|Winner||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||(Molteni)|
|Second||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||(Gan–Mercier)|
|Third||Vicente Lopez-Carril (ESP)||(Kas–Kaskol)|
|Points||Patrick Sercu (BEL)||(Brooklyn)|
|Mountains||Domingo Perurena (ESP)||(Kas–Kaskol)|
|Combination||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||(Molteni)|
|Sprints||Barry Hoban (GBR)||(Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson)|
The 1974 Tour de France was the 61st edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It took place between June 27 and July 21, with 22 stages covering a distance of 4,098 km (2,546 mi). Eddy Merckx was attempting to win his fifth Tour de France in as many races, while Luis Ocaña and Joop Zoetemelk were notable absentees from the 1974 Tour.
In 1974 the tour made its first visit to the United Kingdom, with a circuit stage on the Plympton By-pass, near Plymouth, England.
The race was won by favourite Eddy Merckx, who thus at that point had won all five Tours that he had entered, and had equalled Jacques Anquetil in Tour victories. Merckx also won the combination classification. Fellow Belgian Patrick Sercu won the points classification, while Spanish Domingo Perurena won the mountains classification.
The teams entering the race were:
Eddy Merckx, who had been absent in 1973 after winning four Tours in a row, was present again. Merckx had not been as dominant in the spring as in other years; it was his first year as a professional cyclist in which he did not win a spring classic. He did win the 1974 Giro d'Italia and the Tour de Suisse, but after winning the latter he required surgery on the perineum, five days before the 1974 Tour started.
Notable absents were Ocana and Zoetemelk. Zoetemelk was injured during the Midi Libre and was in hospital with life-threatening meningitis. Ocana had crashed in the Tour de l'Aude, gone home and was fired by his team for not communicating. Bernard Thevenet, who was considered a potential winner, had crashed several times in the 1974 Vuelta a España. He did start in the Tour, but was not yet back at his former level.
Route and stages
|P||27 June||Brest||7 km (4.3 mi)||Individual time trial||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|1||28 June||Brest to Saint-Pol-de-Léon||144 km (89 mi)||Plain stage||Ercole Gualazzini (ITA)|
|2||29 June||Plymouth (United Kingdom)||164 km (102 mi)||Plain stage||Henk Poppe (NED)|
|3||30 June||Morlaix to Saint-Malo||190 km (120 mi)||Plain stage||Patrick Sercu (BEL)|
|4||1 July||Saint-Malo to Caen||184 km (114 mi)||Plain stage||Patrick Sercu (BEL)|
|5||2 July||Caen to Dieppe||165 km (103 mi)||Plain stage||Ronald de Witte (BEL)|
|6a||3 July||Dieppe to Harelbeke (Belgium)||239 km (149 mi)||Plain stage||Jean-Luc Molineris (FRA)|
|6b||Harelbeke (Belgium)||9 km (5.6 mi)||Team time trial||Molteni|
|7||4 July||Mons (Belgium) to Châlons-sur-Marne||221 km (137 mi)||Plain stage||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|8a||5 July||Châlons-sur-Marne to Chaumont||136 km (85 mi)||Plain stage||Cyrille Guimard (FRA)|
|8b||Chaumont to Besançon||152 km (94 mi)||Plain stage||Patrick Sercu (BEL)|
|9||6 July||Besançon to Gaillard||241 km (150 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|10||7 July||Gaillard to Aix-les-Bains||131 km (81 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|11||8 July||Aix-les-Bains to Serre Chevalier||199 km (124 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Vicente Lopez Carril (ESP)|
|9 July||Aix-les-Bains||Rest day|
|12||10 July||Savines-le-Lac to Orange||231 km (144 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jos Spruyt (BEL)|
|13||11 July||Avignon to Montpellier||126 km (78 mi)||Plain stage||Barry Hoban (GBR)|
|14||12 July||Lodève to Colomiers||249 km (155 mi)||Plain stage||Jean-Pierre Genet (FRA)|
|13 July||Colomiers||Rest day|
|15||14 July||Colomiers to La Seu d'Urgell (Spain)||225 km (140 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|16||15 July||La Seu d'Urgell to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet||209 km (130 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)|
|17||16 July||Saint-Lary-Soulan to La Mongie||119 km (74 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jean-Pierre Danguillaume (FRA)|
|18||17 July||Bagnères-de-Bigorre to Pau||141 km (88 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jean-Pierre Danguillaume (FRA)|
|19a||18 July||Pau to Bordeaux||196 km (122 mi)||Plain stage||Francis Campaner (FRA)|
|19b||Bordeaux||12 km (7.5 mi)||Individual time trial||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|20||19 July||Saint-Gilles-Croix-de-Vie to Nantes||120 km (75 mi)||Plain stage||Gerard Vianen (NED)|
|21a||20 July||Vouvray to Orléans||113 km (70 mi)||Plain stage||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|21b||Orléans||37 km (23 mi)||Individual time trial||Michel Pollentier (BEL)|
|22||21 July||Orléans to Paris||146 km (91 mi)||Plain stage||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|Total||4,098 km (2,546 mi)|
Merckx won the prologue, with his team mate Joseph Bruyere in third place. In the first stage, Bruyere was part of a breakaway, and became the new leader.
The second stage was in Plymouth, the first time that the Tour de France visited England. The riders did not like the experiment, as the British immigration officials made the cyclists wait for a long time when entering the country and again when returning to France.
Merckx collected bonus time in the sprints, and in the fourth stage took back the leading position in the general classification, with Gerben Karstens in second place. Karstens was also doing well in the points classification, and felt Merckx and Patrick Sercu, the leaders in the general and points classification, were helping each other. Karstens was angry and after the finish quickly went away, but forgot that he had to go to the doping control. For this, he was given ten minutes penalty time, and thus he lost his second place in the general classification. Karstens complained to the jury, and other cyclists threatened with a strike, so the jury removed the penalty after the fifth stage. Thanks to bonification seconds in that stage, Karstens took the leading position after that stage.
It was still close in the top of the general classification. Patrick Sercu became the new leader after the first part of the sixth stage, but Karstens regained the lead after the second part of the sixth stage, a team time trial won by Merckx's team, Molteni. Merckx won the seventh stage, and became the next leader.
The Alps were the first serious mountains to be seen, in stage nine. Merckx won the stage, but the surprise of the day was Raymond Poulidor, who at 38 years old was still able to escape during the toughest part of the stage. This also happened in the tenth stage: Poulidor joined the crucial escape, but could not beat Merckx in the final sprint.
In the tenth stage, the hardest Alpine stage, Vicente Lopez Carril from the KAS team stayed away. Merckx was in the next group, together with Francisco Galdos and Gonzalo Aja, also from the KAS team. Aja was in third place in the general classification, so Merckx was unable to chase Lopez Carril without helping his rival Aja.
The next stages did not change the general classification. In the fifteenth stage, the Pyrenées were encountered. There was a crash that took down Galdos, now in sixth place in the general classification, and he had to leave the race. The Tour was in Spain at that point, and Basque separatist placed bombs on press and team cars. Nobody was hurt, but cyclists were scared: Spanish champion Lopez Carril did not wear his national champion's jersey, afraid to become a target because of the Spanish flag on it.
In the seventeenth stage, Poulidor again won time, finishing second after Jean-Pierre Danguillaume, and jumped to the third place in the general classification, behind Merckx and Lopez Carril. Danguillaume also won the eighteenth stage, the last mountain stage. The favourites stayed together with Merckx, and at that point Merckx was more or less certain of the victory, with two time trials remaining, in which he normally would gain time on the others.
Poulidor battled with Lopez-Carril for the second place. After the time trial in the second part of stage 21, Poulidor captured the second place by just one second. Surprisingly, Merckx was in second place in that time trial, beaten by Michel Pollentier. In the last stage, Poulidor increased the margin to Lopez Carril to five seconds due to bonus seconds.
- Claude Tollet, for amphetamine;
- Daniel Ducreux, for piperidine;
- Carlos Melero, for piperidine.
There were several classifications in the 1974 Tour de France, three of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey in 1974.
Another classification was the combination classification. This classification was calculated as a combination of the other classifications, its leader wore the white jersey.
The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1974, this classification had no associated jersey.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.
The combativity award was given to Eddy Merckx.
|Denotes the winner of the general classification||Denotes the winner of the points classification|
|Denotes the winner of the combination classification|
|1||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Molteni||116h 16' 58"|
|2||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 8' 04"|
|3||Vicente López Carril (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 8' 09"|
|4||Wladimiro Panizza (ITA)||Brooklyn||+ 10' 59"|
|5||Gonzalo Aja (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 11' 24"|
|6||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)||Bic||+ 14' 24"|
|7||Michel Pollentier (BEL)||Carpenter–Confortluxe–Flandria||+ 16' 34"|
|8||Mariano Martínez (FRA)||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 18' 33"|
|9||Alain Santy (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 19' 55"|
|10||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||+ 24' 11"|
|Final general classification (11–105)|
|11||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 26' 50"|
|12||Raymond Delisle (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 28' 59"|
|13||Jean-Pierre Danguillaume (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 29' 43"|
|14||Juan Santiago Zurano (ESP)||La Casera–Bahamontes||+ 30' 20"|
|15||André Romero (FRA)||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 31' 35"|
|16||Michel Perin (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 31' 57"|
|17||Miguel Maria Lasa (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 32' 55"|
|18||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 37' 35"|
|19||Andrês Oliva (ESP)||La Casera–Bahamontes||+ 37' 48"|
|20||Bernard Labourdette (FRA)||Bic||+ 38' 02"|
|21||Joseph Bruyere (BEL)||Molteni||+ 41' 31"|
|22||Edouard Janssens (BEL)||Molteni||+ 44' 30"|
|23||Fausto Bertoglio (ITA)||Brooklyn||+ 45' 43"|
|24||Willy Van Neste (BEL)||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 46' 50"|
|25||Ronald De Witte (BEL)||Carpenter–Confortluxe–Flandria||+ 47' 10"|
|26||Giancarlo Bellini (ITA)||Brooklyn||+ 47' 46"|
|27||Fedor Iwan den Hertog (NED)||Frisol–Flair Plastics||+ 50' 28"|
|28||José Catieau (FRA)||Bic||+ 51' 11"|
|29||José Pesarrodona (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 53' 44"|
|30||Georges Pintens (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||+ 56' 43"|
|31||Joël Millard (FRA)||Merlin Plage–Shimano–Flandria||+ 57' 08"|
|32||Ferdinand Julien (FRA)||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 1h 00' 06"|
|33||Roland Berland (FRA)||Bic||+ 1h 01' 13"|
|34||Régis Ovion (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 1h 05' 22"|
|35||Marc Lievens (BEL)||Molteni||+ 1h 09' 16"|
|36||Victor Van Schil (BEL)||Molteni||+ 1h 12' 37"|
|37||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 1h 13' 11"|
|38||Gerrie Knetemann (NED)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 1h 14' 15"|
|39||Francis Campaner (FRA)||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 1h 16' 19"|
|40||Antonio Martos (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 1h 18' 02"|
|41||Marc Demeyer (BEL)||Carpenter–Confortluxe–Flandria||+ 1h 18' 28"|
|42||Luis Zubero (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 1h 19' 12"|
|43||Arturo Pecchielan (ITA)||Brooklyn||+ 1h 19' 15"|
|44||Domingo Perurena (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 1h 19' 18"|
|45||Jos Deschoenmaecker (BEL)||Molteni||+ 1h 19' 36"|
|46||Jesus Manzaneque (ESP)||La Casera–Bahamontes||+ 1h 19' 54"|
|47||Jean-Claude Misac (FRA)||Merlin Plage–Shimano–Flandria||+ 1h 23' 26"|
|48||Christian Blain (FRA)||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 1h 23' 52"|
|49||Carlos Melero (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 1h 25' 17"|
|50||Joseph Spruyt (BEL)||Molteni||+ 1h 25' 41"|
|51||Sylvain Vasseur (FRA)||Bic||+ 1h 26' 37"|
|52||Bernard Bourreau (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 1h 27' 07"|
|53||Jan Van De Wiele (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||+ 1h 28' 25"|
|54||Antonio Menendez (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 1h 30' 43"|
|55||André Dierickx (BEL)||Merlin Plage–Shimano–Flandria||+ 1h 32' 18"|
|56||Gerard Vianen (NED)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 1h 36' 27"|
|57||Michael Wright (GBR)||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 1h 38' 11"|
|58||Ludo Delcroix (BEL)||Molteni||+ 1h 38' 13"|
|59||André Mollet (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 1h 38' 40"|
|60||José Luis Abilleira (ESP)||La Casera–Bahamontes||+ 1h 39' 12"|
|61||Gerben Karstens (NED)||Bic||+ 1h 39' 19"|
|62||Damaso Torres (ESP)||La Casera–Bahamontes||+ 1h 40' 11"|
|63||Gustaaf Van Roosbroeck (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||+ 1h 41' 11"|
|64||Alain Nogues (FRA)||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 1h 42' 17"|
|65||Willy Teirlinck (BEL)||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 1h 47' 11"|
|66||Jos Huysmans (BEL)||Molteni||+ 1h 49' 00"|
|67||Jean-Pierre Genet (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 1h 49' 02"|
|68||Jean-Jacques Sanquer (FRA)||Merlin Plage–Shimano–Flandria||+ 1h 50' 29"|
|69||Valerio Lualdi (ITA)||Brooklyn||+ 1h 51' 22"|
|70||Noël Vanclooster (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||+ 1h 51' 24"|
|71||Guy Sibille (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 1h 52' 44"|
|72||Gerard Moneyron (FRA)||Merlin Plage–Shimano–Flandria||+ 1h 53' 52"|
|73||Wilfried Wesemael (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||+ 1h 54' 09"|
|74||Charles Rouxel (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 1h 54' 22"|
|75||Jacques Esclassan (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 1h 56' 47"|
|76||Christian Raymond (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 1h 57' 36"|
|77||Daniel Rebillard (FRA)||Merlin Plage–Shimano–Flandria||+ 1h 58' 03"|
|78||Wim Prinsen (NED)||Frisol–Flair Plastics||+ 1h 58' 50"|
|79||Raymond Riotte (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 1h 59' 51"|
|80||Jacky Mourioux (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 2h 00' 06"|
|81||Alain Vasseur (FRA)||Bic||+ 2h 01' 28"|
|82||Claude Magni (FRA)||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 2h 06' 03"|
|83||Frans Mintjens (BEL)||Molteni||+ 2h 06' 43"|
|84||Henk Prinsen (NED)||Frisol–Flair Plastics||+ 2h 10' 09"|
|85||Jean-Pierre Guillemot (FRA)||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 2h 12' 12"|
|86||Jacques Botherel (FRA)||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 2h 12' 37"|
|87||Robert Mintkiewicz (FRA)||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 2h 16' 05"|
|88||Ronny Vanmarcke (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||+ 2h 17' 34"|
|89||Patrick Sercu (BEL)||Brooklyn||+ 2h 18' 58"|
|90||Daniel Ducreux (FRA)||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 2h 19' 20"|
|91||Gianni Di Lorenzo (ITA)||Brooklyn||+ 2h 20' 52"|
|92||Bernard Croyet (FRA)||Bic||+ 2h 23' 57"|
|93||Dirk Baert (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||+ 2h 24' 45"|
|94||Fernando Plaza (ESP)||La Casera–Bahamontes||+ 2h 28' 19"|
|95||Michel Coroller (FRA)||Merlin Plage–Shimano–Flandria||+ 2h 36' 59"|
|96||Arthur Van de Vyver (BEL)||Carpenter–Confortluxe–Flandria||+ 2h 38' 42"|
|97||Aldo Parecchini (ITA)||Brooklyn||+ 2h 41' 11"|
|98||Alain Cigana (FRA)||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 2h 42' 24"|
|99||Frans Van Looy (BEL)||Carpenter–Confortluxe–Flandria||+ 2h 46' 03"|
|100||Daniel Verplancke (BEL)||Carpenter–Confortluxe–Flandria||+ 2h 46' 38"|
|101||Regis Delepine (FRA)||Merlin Plage–Shimano–Flandria||+ 2h 55' 42"|
|102||Piet van Katwijk (NED)||Frisol–Flair Plastics||+ 2h 58' 39"|
|103||Donald John Allan (AUS)||Frisol–Flair Plastics||+ 3h 06' 53"|
|104||Bernard Masson (FRA)||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 3h 16' 56"|
|105||Lorenzo Alaimo (ITA)||Frisol–Flair Plastics||+ 3h 55' 46"|
|1||Patrick Sercu (BEL)||Brooklyn||283|
|2||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Molteni||270|
|3||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||170|
|4||Gerben Karstens (NED)||Bic||149|
|5||Jacques Esclassan (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||143|
|6||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||113|
|7||Michel Pollentier (BEL)||Carpenter–Confortluxe–Flandria||107|
|8||Piet van Katwijk (NED)||Frisol–Flair Plastics||97|
|9||Gerard Vianen (NED)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||94|
|10||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||94|
|1||Domingo Perurena (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||171|
|2||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Molteni||133|
|3||José Luis Abilleira (ESP)||La Casera–Bahamontes||108|
|4||Gonzalo Aja (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||104|
|5||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||93|
|6||Vicente López Carril (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||84|
|7||Andrês Oliva (ESP)||La Casera–Bahamontes||80|
|8||Wladimiro Panizza (ITA)||Brooklyn||55|
|9||Juan Santiago Zurano (ESP)||La Casera–Bahamontes||44|
|10||Jean-Pierre Danguillaume (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||44|
|1||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Molteni||8|
|2||Michel Pollentier (BEL)||Carpenter–Confortluxe–Flandria||31|
|3||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||36|
|4||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||37|
|5||Jean-Pierre Danguillaume (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||50|
Intermediate sprints classification
|1||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||132|
|2||Gerben Karstens (NED)||Bic||110|
|3||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Molteni||92|
|4||Michel Coroller (FRA)||Merlin Plage–Shimano–Flandria||39|
|5||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||28|
|1||Kas–Kaskol||350h 24' 27"|
|2||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 15' 26"|
|3||Molteni||+ 31' 23"|
|4||Sonolor–Gitane||+ 49' 02"|
|5||Bic||+ 49' 50"|
|6||Brooklyn||+ 53' 04"|
|7||Lejeune–Jobo||+ 1h 01' 09"|
|8||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 1h 15' 24"|
|9||La Casera–Bahamontes||+ 1h 34' 47"|
|10||Mic–De Gribaldy–Ludo||+ 1h 36' 35"|
With his fifth Tour victory, Merckx equalled Jacques Anquetil. Moreover, Merckx had won the first five Tours that he entered. Merckx set a few new records after winning the 1974 Tour:
- Total number of stage victories: 32 (surpassing André Leducq, who had won 25)
- First man to win the Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Tour de Suisse in one year.
Merckx had already won the 1974 Giro d'Italia earlier that year, and after winning the 1974 Tour de France also won the world championship, and became the first cyclist to win the Triple Crown of Cycling.
Notes and references
- Merckx and Sercu were in different teams, but were good friend, and in winters rode together in six-day racing.
- "61ème Tour de France 1974" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 29 June 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2008). The Story of the Tour De France: 1965-2007. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 81–88. ISBN 1-59858-608-4. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Historical guide 2016, p. 65.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- Historical guide 2016, p. 109.
- "Tour de France: The disastrous 1974 Plymouth stage". BBC News. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "61ème Tour de France 1974 - 4ème étape" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "61ème Tour de France 1974 - 5ème étape" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "61ème Tour de France 1974 - 16ème étape" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "Tombés au champs d'honneur". Magazine Sport & Vie (in French). Dopage.com. July 2003. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- "Guimard positief". Leidsche courant. Regionaal archief leiden. 18 July 1974. p. 13. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Other Classifications & Awards". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Intermediate Sprints Classification". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0-679-72936-4. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Clasificaciones oficiales". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 22 July 1974. p. 19. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
Media related to 1974 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons