122 mm howitzer M1909

122 mm howitzer M1909
Type field howitzer
Place of origin  Russian Empire
Service history
Used by  Russian Empire
 Soviet Union
Wars World War I, Russian Civil War
Production history
Designer Krupp
Barrel length overal:1.69 m (5 ft 7 in) L/14

Caliber 121.92 mm (4.8 in)
Breech horizontal block
Recoil hydraulic/spring
Carriage single trail
Elevation -1° to 43°

The 122 mm howitzer M1909 (Russian: 122-мм гаубица обр. 1909 гг.) was a Russian Empire 121.92 mm (4.8 inch) howitzer used throughout World War I.

Following the defeats of the Russo-Japanese War, Russia sought to modernize some of its equipment, which included the purchase of foreign designed artillery. Seeking new systems from both France and Germany, the 122 mm howitzer M1909 was developed by the German arms manufacturer Krupp.[1] Russia also bought a very similar system from the French arms manufacturer Schneider et Cie, the 122 mm howitzer M1910.

It was later updated by the Soviet Union as the 122 mm howitzer M1909/37 which saw combat in the German-Soviet War.

Weapons of comparable role, performance and era


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