Énée et Lavinie (Collasse)
Énée et Lavinie (Aeneas and Lavinia) is an opera by the French composer Pascal Collasse, first performed at the Académie Royale de Musique (the Paris Opéra) on 7 November 1690. It takes the form of a tragédie lyrique in a prologue and five acts.
|Vénus, (the goddess Venus)||soprano||Fanchon or Louison Moreau|
|Énée (Aeneas), a Trojan prince||haute-contre||Louis Gaulard Dumesny|
|Latinus, King of Latium||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||Jean Dun|
|Amate (Amata), his queen|
|Lavinie (Lavinia), their daughter||soprano||Marthe Le Rochois|
|Turnus, King of the Rutuli||basse-taille||Moreau|
|Junon (the goddess Juno)||soprano||Marie-Louise Desmatins|
|L'ombre de Didon (the ghost of Dido)|
|Le grand prêtre de Janus (the high priest of Janus)|
Aeneas, fleeing the destruction of Troy, has arrived in Latium in Italy. The King of Latium wants to marry his daughter Lavinia to Aeneas, but the Trojan has a rival in the local prince Turnus, who is favoured by the queen and the goddess Juno. Juno provokes Turnus to fight the Trojans. The king consults the oracle of his father, the god Faunus, who says that Lavinia must choose her husband for herself and then there will be peace. The ghost of Dido warns Lavinia not to trust her faithless lover Aeneas. The god Bacchus also inspires Lavinia with a hatred of the Trojans and she announces she will marry Turnus. Aeneas reproaches her for her choice and tells her he only abandoned Dido because the god Jupiter told him to. Lavinia admits she loathes Turnus and was only persuaded to marry him by a divine fury sent by Bacchus. Turnus arrives and Aeneas challenges him to single combat. Turnus accepts. The goddess Venus brings Aeneas special armour. Aeneas and Turnus fight (offstage) and Aeneas is victorious. Juno renounces her hatred for the Trojans and the opera ends with the wedding of Aeneas and Lavinia.
- According to Francis B. Assaf Introduction - Appendice, in Antoine Houdar de La Motte Les Originaux ou L'Italien, Tübingen, Narr Verlag, 2012, p. 28, ISBN 978-3-8233-6717-8.
- This singer, whose first name has not been reported, was a brother of Louison and Fanchon Moreau (cf. Chanteurs de l'Opéra), either of whom (probably Fanchon) created the role of Vénus. Of course, he is not to be confused with another Moreau who sang the basse-taille at the Paris Opéra about a century later.
- Félix Clément and Pierre Larousse Dictionnaire des Opéras, Paris, 1881
- (French) Libretto at "Livrets baroques"